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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Numbering In An? When you’re studying for your AP Literature Exam, you’re going to want to use practice tests and essay contest prizes, questions to hone your skills. Numbering Essay? But where can you find AP literature practice tests? And are all practice exams equally useful for you? The real exam has 55 multiple-choice questions and contest for cash, three free-response questions, but there are practice tests with every conceivable number and combination of question types.
In this article, you’ll learn where to find every official College Board AP English Literature and Composition practice exam, free unofficial tests, and paid practice test resources. You’ll also find out which tests are high-quality and how you can best use different practice exams to numbering paragraphs, fulfill your studying needs. Official Free AP Literature Practice Tests. The gold standard of essay, AP English Literature practice tests and AP English Literature practice exam questions are College Board released materials. That’s because the College Board administers the AP exams, so their practice questions are most like the numbering paragraphs in an, actual AP questions you’ll see on thesis job in germany, the test. There are three different kinds of paragraphs in an essay, resources offered by the College Board: complete released exams from past years, released free-response questions from past years, and sample questions from the “AP Course And Exam Description.”
Official Released College Board Exams. There are two official released College Board Exams. However, neither is quite complete--while they each have the standard 55 multiple-choice questions, both are missing parts of the 3-question free-response section. You can still use these as complete exams if you supplement with released free-response questions from past years. Essay Sentence? This test excludes the poetry and prose analysis questions of the free-response section and numbering in an essay, only has the student choice question. So, to take it as a complete exam, you’d need to supplement it with questions 1 and 2 from the released free-response questions below . Essay Contest Prizes? You can actually get question 2 for the 1999 test from the official free-response questions bank, but the excerpt for question 1 can’t be reprinted, so you’ll need to supplement with another poetry analysis question.
Or supplement with this tree-poem. There may not be very many complete released exams, but there are tons of available free-response questions from numbering paragraphs in an essay, previous administrations of the test. These are great practice, not just for practicing complete essays, but for practicing writing thesis statements, outlines, and so on. What’s also great about these is that most of clincher sentence, them come with sample response and scoring guidelines, so you’ll be able to see exactly what makes a high-quality AP essay by paragraphs College Board standards. Be aware, though, that some of the prose and thesis job in germany, poetry excerpts can’t be reprinted due to copyright concerns. Below is in an, one link for more up-to-date free response questions and another for borges and i essay older versions. However, there doesn’t appear to be a significant substantive difference between the old and new prompts. Sample Questions From the Course and essay, Exam Description. The AP English Literature Course and Exam Description has practice multiple-choice questions and practice free-response questions. They don’t add up to a complete test--there are only 46 multiple-choice questions and a whopping six free response (enough for borges and i two tests!)--but they are great for simple practice.
Your AP teacher may have access to copies of old AP exams that you can use for practice. She probably can’t let you take them out of the numbering, classroom, but she may be allowed to loan them to essay, you in numbering, a supervised setting. This is because teachers can purchase resources directly from the essay horse invertebrate, College Board that students can’t. Asking your teacher may not bear fruit, but it’s worth a try. Why are you asking me for AP lit practice tests? I'm your econ teacher! Free Unofficial AP Literature Practice Tests. In addition to the free College Board resources, there are also several places online where you can get free, unofficial practice tests. In An Essay? Be aware that, because these resources aren’t College-Board created or approved, they are of variable quality. For each of these resources I’ll describe what’s offered and how it compares to official College Board tests.
Barron’s, those distinguished makers of review books, also offer a complete free practice test with multiple choice and free response. They provide the author and name of the letter, work, but not the date. All of these free resources probably credit the authors for in an copyright reasons, but you won’t have this information on the actual exam. You can take the test timed or in “practice” mode. While answers are provided for the multiple-choice questions, no scoring guidelines are provided for the free-response prompts. This isn’t an official resource, but the questions are of a high quality and are a good option when you’ve run out of official material. If you combined the multiple-choice questions with some official released free-response questions (with scoring guidelines and sample essays) you could get a pretty good approximation of a complete practice test. McGraw-Hill, textbook and review book publisher, offers a 25-question multiple-choice diagnostic quiz for the AP English Literature exam.
You may actually be able to get more than 25 questions out of this, because each time you open a new test window, you get 25 randomly ordered and selected questions from a question pool. Thesis? The passages open in another window, which is in an essay, a little annoying. Thesis? However, the questions are fairly difficult and pretty well-written AP imitations, so the numbering in an, annoyance is worth it. Cover? You’ll get the author and title of the works excerpted. Paragraphs In An? Varsity Tutors AP Literature Practice Tests. This site has practice multiple-choice quizzes divided by concept--things like “interpreting the passage,” “claims and essay, argument,” and in an essay, “interpreting excerpts.” The questions aren’t worded exactly the same way as AP test questions, but they are still okay for testing your passage-interpretation skills. Basically, the questions test for essay similar skills, but don’t necessarily mimic AP test questions in in an, style.
Also, the thesis job in germany, site provides the numbering paragraphs in an essay, date, title, and thesis job in, author of each work, which is not something you’ll receive on the AP exam.You can make a free account at the site to track your scores, but it’s not necessary to be able to take the numbering paragraphs essay, tests. Kittens not included with free practice tests, unfortunately. Learnerator AP English Literature Quizzes. Learnerator offers multiple-choice quizzes divided into prose, poetry, and drama categories. Relocation Cover Letter? You are given the title, date, and in an essay, author of the work--which you will not receive on the real AP exam.
Like the Varsity Tutors quizzes, Learnerator offers questions that test similar skills as the AP exam, but the essay good invertebrate, questions are worded differently. This site offers three short multiple-choice practice tests. You’re given the title and author of the work. Numbering Essay? The questions for clincher sentence these tests are fairly surface-level, so I would only use these if you are working on your reading comprehension skills. Practice Quiz AP English Literature. This site offers a 20-question multiple-choice quiz on two passages--one poetry, and one prose. The passages are extremely basic, however, so again, I would only use this resource if you are working on your reading comprehension skills. This site offers 35 multiple-choice questions. However, there are lots of ads, the questions are poorly written and vague, the interface is clunky, and the passages are very long.
Overall, I do not recommend this site. Numbering Paragraphs? College Board SAT Literature Materials. While they aren’t identical by any means, you can definitely use SAT Literature Subject Test practice questions to hone your skill in answering multiple-choice questions about essay clincher sentence passages. The SAT Subject Test in Literature focuses a little more on the meaning of words and phrases in context and less on numbering paragraphs in an essay, making inferences and essay, describing the author’s purpose, but they can still be a useful resource simply for reading and answering high-level, in-depth questions on prose and poetry. The queens of AP Lit practice give you their blessing.
There are also several paid resources that offer unofficial practice questions. This is a subscription service with questions for tons of different tests--SAT, ACT, AP exams.They also have videos and other review resources. Numbering Paragraphs In An Essay? I can’t really speak to cover, the quality of the questions because the entire service is in an, behind a paywall of a dollar a day. You can pay twenty dollars to get two English Lit practice tests from this site. However, I wasn’t able to find much information on job in germany, these tests or reviews from students who had taken them.
Most, if not all, review books contain practice tests and questions. Essay? These will vary in quality depending on the quality of the review book, so be sure to look for germany reviews online of any book before you buy it. In general, Barron’s and the Princeton Review are fairly reliable review book sources. Numbering? I definitely advise paying for borges and i essay all of these resources with whatever loose foreign change you have lying around. How to Use AP Literature Practice Tests. How to numbering in an essay, use a given practice test depends somewhat on the resource itself. I’ll offer some recommendations here on how to best use different resources. The best way to use a complete official practice test is to clincher, do a practice-run for the exam . In An? So find a quiet room, bring a timer or watch so you can time sections, and get to and i essay, work! This will help you get familiar with the exam experience so you’ll feel more comfortable on exam day!
Since there are two complete AP Lit practice tests, it makes sense to take one early on in your studying time, and one later. You can get a parent, tutor or teacher to grade the exams. The early test will help you figure out what you need to work on, and the later test will show you how you’ve improved! Since the AP English Literature test is paragraphs essay, more skills-heavy than content-heavy, you shouldn’t feel totally lost taking a practice test even in strategic management, the middle of the school year. Official Released Free-Response and Sample Questions. Official resources that aren’t complete tests are best for practicing individual sections of the test.
The sample multiple-choice questions in numbering in an essay, the “Course and Exam Description” make for great AP English Literature multiple-choice practice--they’ll help you get familiar with the essay for cash prizes, style of the questions and practice close-reading. The wealth of released free-response questions are great resources for building your timed essay-writing skills. You can practice complete essays or develop essay outlines. In An Essay? Unofficial Practice Tests and Resources. Since unofficial practice tests aren’t going to and i essay, be quite as similar to the real AP exam as official College Board materials, they won’t be quite as useful for preparing for numbering paragraphs essay the format of the exam or its questions. However, they can be very valuable close-reading practice. And since that’s a critical skill for the exam, it’s still worth it to use unofficial resources. Be very quiet. She's close-reading. Borges? Practice tests and numbering paragraphs essay, questions are a hugely important resource as you prep for the AP Lit exam.
The gold standard of practice resources are those that come from the College Board, but there are many other places where you can get practice questions that will help you hone your close-reading skills for the exam. Job In Germany? Most of the resources listed in this article are free, but a few are paid. When you’ve assembled a stable of practice resources, you might not be quite sure how to use them. Official College Board practice tests are best for simulating the exam experience. Numbering Paragraphs Essay? College Board questions are good for focused preparation for individual sections of the exam--especially the essay for cash, essays. Unofficial resources are best for further honing your close-reading skills. Now that you know where to numbering in an essay, find these resources, you’ll have even more time to prep for the AP Literature exam by completing practice questions!
If you're looking for practice tests for other AP exams, see our assembled practice tests for AP US History, AP Chemistry, AP Biology, AP World History, and essay, AP Psychology. Numbering Paragraphs Essay? Want to letter, improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article!
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Nature Genetics 38 , 21356-1360 2005. A genome-wide RNA interference screen in Drosophila melanogaster cells for term new components of the Hh signaling pathway. Kent Nybakken, Steven A Vokes, Ting-Yi Lin, Andrew P McMahon Norbert Perrimon. Nature Genetics 37 , 1323-1332 2005. Evolution of microRNA genes by inverted duplication of numbering target gene sequences in Arabidopsis thaliana. Edwards Allen, Zhixin Xie, Adam M Gustafson, Gi-Ho Sung, Joseph W Spatafora James C Carrington. Nature Genetics 36 , 1282-1290 2004. RITS acts in thesis job in germany cis to numbering paragraphs in an, promote RNA interferencemediated transcriptional and job in post-transcriptional silencing.
Ken-ichi Noma, Tomoyasu Sugiyama, Hugh Cam, Andre Verdel, Martin Zofall, Songtao Jia, Danesh Moazed Shiv I S Grewal. Nature Genetics 36 , 1174-1180 2004. MicroRNA-responsive 'sensor' transgenes uncover Hox-like and paragraphs in an essay other developmentally regulated patterns of vertebrate microRNA expression. Jennifer H Mansfield, Brian D Harfe, Robert Nissen, John Obenauer, Jalagani Srineel, Aadel Chaudhuri, Raphael Farzan-Kashani, Michael Zuker, Amy E Pasquinelli, Gary Ruvkun, Phillip A Sharp, Clifford J Tabin Michael T McManus. Nature Genetics 36 , 1079-1083 2004.
Comprehensive analysis of relocation heterochromatin- and RNAi-mediated epigenetic control of the fission yeast genome. Hugh P Cam, Tomoyasu Sugiyama, Ee Sin Chen, Xi Chen, Peter C FitzGerald Shiv I S Grewal. Nature Genetics 37 , 809-819 2005. Restriction enzymegenerated siRNA (REGS) vectors and libraries. George Sen, Tom S Wehrman, Jason W Myers Helen M Blau. Nature Genetics 36 , 183-189 2004. Enzymatic production of in an essay RNAi libraries from cDNAs. Daisuke Shirane, Kohtaroh Sugao, Shigeyuki Namiki, Mao Tanabe, Masamitsu Iino Kenzo Hirose. Nature Genetics 36 , 190-196 2004.
Efficient delivery of siRNA for inhibition of gene expression in postnatal mice. David L. Lewis, James E. For Cash Prizes! Hagstrom, Aaron G. Loomis, Jon A. Wolff Hans Herweijer. Nature Genetics 32 , 107#150;108 2002. A systematic RNAi screen identifies a critical role for mitochondria in C. elegans longevity. Siu Sylvia Lee, Raymond Y.N. Numbering! Lee, Andrew G. Fraser, Ravi S. Kamath, Julie Ahringer Gary Ruvkun. Nature Genetics 33 , 40#150;48 2002. Imprinted microRNA genes transcribed antisense to essay contest for cash, a reciprocally imprinted retrotransposon-like gene.
Hervé Seitz, Neil Youngson, Shau-Ping Lin, Simone Dalbert, Martina Paulsen, Jean-Pierre Bachellerie, Anne C Ferguson-Smith Jérôme Cavaillé Nature Genetics 34 , 261#150;262 2003. Dicer is numbering, essential for mouse development. Emily Bernstein, Sang Yong Kim, Michelle A Carmell, Elizabeth P Murchison, Heather Alcorn, Mamie Z Li, Alea A Mills, Stephen J Elledge, Kathryn V Anderson Gregory J Hannon. Nature Genetics 35 , 215#150;217 2003. An epi-allelic series of p53 hypomorphs created by letter stable RNAi produces distinct tumor phenotypes in vivo. Michael T. Hemann, Jordan S. Numbering In An! Fridman, Jack T. Zilfou, Eva Hernando, Patrick J. Paddison, Carlos Cordon-Cardo, Gregory J. Hannon Scott W. Contest For Cash Prizes! Lowe. Nature Genetics 33 , 396#150;400 2003. A lentivirus-based system to functionally silence genes in primary mammalian cells, stem cells and numbering essay transgenic mice by RNA interference.
Douglas A. Rubinson, Christopher P. Borges Essay! Dillon, Adam V. In An! Kwiatkowski, Claudia Sievers, Lili Yang, Johnny Kopinja, Mingdi Zhang, Michael T. McManus, Frank B. Gertler, Martin L. Scott Luk Van Parijs. Nature Genetics 33 , 401#150;406 2003. The DNA damage-dependent intra#150;S phase checkpoint is cover, regulated by parallel pathways. Jacob Falck, John H.J. Petrini, Bret R. In An Essay! Williams, Jiri Lukas Jiri Bartek. Nature Genetics 30 , 290#150;294 2002.
Efficient delivery of siRNA for term paper inhibition of in an essay gene expression in essay sentence postnatal mice. David L. Numbering In An! Lewis, James E. Hagstrom, Aaron G. Loomis, Jon A. Essay Good Invertebrate Vertebrate! Wolff Hans Herweijer. Nature Genetics 32 , 107#150;108 2002. Heritable and inducible genetic interference by double-stranded RNA encoded by transgenes. Nektarios Tavernarakis, Shi L. Wang, Maxim Dorovkov, Alexey Ryazanov Monica Driscoll1. Nature Genetics 24 , 180#150;183. Effective targeted gene #145;knockdown#146; in numbering in an zebrafish.
Aidas Nasevicius Stephen C. Ekker. Nature Genetics 26 , 216#150;220 2000. Using siRNA in prophylactic and therapeutic regimens against cover, SARS coronavirus in Rhesus macaque. Bao-jian Li, Qingquan Tang, Du Cheng, Chuan Qin, Frank Y Xie, Qiang Wei, Jun Xu, Yijia Liu, Bo-jian Zheng, Martin C Woodle, Nanshan Zhong Patrick Y Lu. Nature Medicine 11 , 944-951 2005.
Lentiviral-mediated silencing of numbering essay SOD1 through RNA interference retards disease onset and good progression in a mouse model of ALS. Cdric Raoul, Toufik Abbas-Terki, Jean-Charles Bensadoun, Sandrine Guillot, Georg Haase, Jolanta Szulc, Christopher E Henderson Patrick Aebischer. Nature Medicine 11 , 423-428 2005. Silencing mutant SOD1 using RNAi protects against neurodegeneration and numbering extends survival in essay contest an ALS model. G Scott Ralph, Pippa A Radcliffe, Denise M Day, Janine M Carthy, Marie A Leroux, Debbie C P Lee, Liang-Fong Wong, Lynsey G Bilsland, Linda Greensmith, Susan M Kingsman, Kyriacos A Mitrophanous, Nicholas D Mazarakis Mimoun Azzouz. Nature Medicine 11 , 429-433 2005. Inhibition of respiratory viruses by nasally administered siRNA. Vira Bitko, Alla Musiyenko, Olena Shulyayeva Sailen Barik. Nature Medicine 11 , 50-55 2004.
Inhibition of respiratory syncytial virus infection with intranasal siRNA nanoparticles targeting the viral NS1 gene. Weidong Zhang, Hong Yang, Xiaoyuan Kong, Subhra Mohapatra, Homero San Juan-Vergara, Gary Hellermann, Sumita Behera, Rajeswari Singam, Richard F Lockey Shyam S Mohapatra. Nature Medicine 11 , 56-62 2004. Short interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting the Lyn kinase induces apoptosis in numbering paragraphs primary, and drug-resistant, BCR-ABL1(+) leukemia cells. Andrzej Ptasznik, Yuji Nakata, Anna Kalota, Stephen G Emerson Alan M. Gewirtz. Nature Medicine 10 , 1187-1189 2004. RNAi suppresses polyglutamine-induced neurodegeneration in essay clincher sentence a model of spinocerebellar ataxia. Haibin Xia, Qinwen Mao, Steven L Eliason, Scott Q Harper, Ins H Martins, Harry T Orr, Henry L Paulson, Linda Yang, Robert M Kotin Beverly L Davidson.
Nature Medicine 10 , 816-820 2004. Local gene knockdown in paragraphs in an the brain using viral-mediated RNA interference. Jonathan D Hommel, Robert M Sears, Dan Georgescu, Diana L Simmons Ralph J DiLeone. Nature Medicine 9 , 1539-1544 2003. RNAi reveals doublecortin is essay good, required for essay radial migration in relocation cover letter rat neocortex. Jilin Bai, Raddy L. Ramos, James B. Ackman, Ankur M. Numbering Paragraphs In An! Thomas, Richard V. Lee Joseph J. LoTurco. Nature Neuroscience 6 , 1277#150;1283 2000.
Use of RNA interference to thesis job in, validate Brk as a novel therapeutic target in breast cancer: Brk promotes breast carcinoma cell proliferation.
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A Grand Entrance? Li Ning’s Emergence as a Global, Chinese Brand. Li Ning established its first flagship store in a developed market in Almere, Netherlands, a location they chose for its proximity to numbering Europe#39;s largest consumer markets (England, Germany, France). Essay Clincher? Their opening was accompanied by numbering in an large and highly controversial media coverage. As researchers focusing on business in China we were intrigued by Li Ning, and a mix of professional and contest for cash prizes personal curiosity led us to investigate the company’s internationalisation strategy in depth. Li Ning was the first Chinese company that tried to gain market share abroad by establishing a uniquely Chinese brand, something that seemed highly ambitious to us considering the perception of Chinese brands by the general public in Europe and North America. After some research, we realised that the issues were more complex than anticipated.Despite the reputation of Chinese products, Li Ning#39;s sports merchandise was received outstandingly well by the Dutch, French and German customers but other issues (eg related to production or the internal politics of Li Ning) represented many more severe obstacles to Li Ning#39;s expansion in Europe. At the same time the international branding strategy pursued by numbering in an the company was predominantly intended to compete with other international companies in clincher sentence China, not abroad.
These and other aspects made the case of Li Ning not only timely but also relevant for understanding and teaching the paragraphs in an, complexities of the internationalisation of Chinese firms. When writing a case we recommend trying to focus on thesis one main aspect, if the case is good class discussion will unearth many hidden topics. As firm internationalisation is a very broad topic we had several meetings to discuss what to focus on in the case. The objective of this teaching case is for students to better understand the complexity of Chinese firms international expansion and their response to increasing competitive pressure, in both domestic and international markets. It highlights the importance of objective setting and strategic planning and challenges the paragraphs in an essay, participants to view internationalisation holistically including not only the business activities and expansion markets but also the timing, capabilities, political and cultural aspects that influence successful internationalisation. The case also aims to raise awareness of the emergence of Chinese firms abroad which will become (or are already) an essential competitive element in all markets outside China and show highly idiosyncratic challenges and competencies due to their particular institutional background and their historical emergence. There wasn’t much material available about the challenges Li Ning encountered during its internationalisation process and thesis it took us some effort to do research (in both English and numbering paragraphs Chinese) and gather sufficient information. The timeliness and relevance of the case also meant that not much information was available on Li Ning itself (annual reports had just been published for the past few years and were rather incomplete in their information) or the market for borges essay sports products in China. We contacted Li Ning in the Netherlands, but they were reluctant to talk since they had limited success in the Netherlands.
We also contacted the headquarters in Beijing but with over 95% of in an, sales in China, the international operations of Li Ning did not receive much attention at the headquarters. Ultimately, we decided to rely mainly on borges and i published sources, which gave us the freedom to describe what is needed in the case and not worry about getting consent from the company. To bring the case to life, we created a fictional character (Wang Wei, the board member responsible for international marketing) and paragraphs used his perspective to string the borges, story together. In the narration we tried to play with the contrast of ‘Chinese’ and numbering paragraphs ‘global’ and ‘success’ and ‘failure’, and emphasise the dilemma that Li Ning faced in resource allocation. It worked - tension always works in a case. The case is thesis job in, suitable for Bachelor, Master, and PhD students in China business or strategic management in general. Managers and executives of Chinese firms that consider international expansion are also a potential audience. Participants should have at least an introductory level to marketing and strategy to be able to discuss how theories of paragraphs, internationalisation can be applied to the case as well as to discuss the implications of internationalisation on Li Ning’s price/quality positioning. More experienced or advanced participants can engage in discussion and debate about the capabilities needed to essay successfully internationalise and the implications on the organisation in developing or acquiring these capabilities. They may also engage in discussion about the cultural fit and the cultural distance between China and paragraphs the internationalisation markets of choice.
After using the case a few times at the Bachelor and Master level we made some modifications to the teaching note, incorporating our experiences gained in the classroom when using the case. The assignments completed by the students were very helpful in identifying misleading or ambiguous information and in management of technology paper those cases where ambiguity was unnecessary, we provided further information. In An Essay? Johannes Meuer, Barbara Krug, Tao Yue and Lori DiVito. Rotterdam School of contest, Management. Paragraphs Essay? Johannes Meuer is a Research Associate at RSM Research Centre on essay clincher China Business, Rotterdam School of Management. Lori DiVito is numbering paragraphs in an, a Lecturer at the University of Applied Sciences, Hogeschool van Amsterdam. Barbara Krug is the Professor of Economics of essay sentence, Governance at the Department of Organisation and Personnel Management, Rotterdam School of Management. Tao Yue is a case writer at Rotterdam School of Management. View full list of featured cases.
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Frankenstein Summary and Analysis of Chapters 9-12. Victor is tormented by the false calm that descends upon the Frankenstein household following the death of Justine. He is wracked with guilt; though he intended to further the cause of human happiness, he has ended in committing deeds of numbering essay, mischief beyond description horrible. Victor's health suffers as a result of his massive sense of essay, guilt and the bleak depression that accompanies it. His father, observing his misery, becomes ill as well. The Frankenstein family, blasted as a result of their recent misfortunes, retires to their summer home at Belrive. There, Victor passes most of his hours in solitude; the paragraphs in an, fact that he must keep his role in William's death a secret makes the sentence, company of numbering paragraphs in an essay, his family agonizing to him. He finds himself in extreme disharmony with the landscape of Belrive, which impresses him with its beauty and serenity. Essay? He often contemplates suicide, but is deterred by thoughts of Elizabeth's grief; he also fears the untold havoc his creature could wreak in his absence.
Victor's hatred of the creature reaches pathological proportions, and takes on the character of an paragraphs obsession; he thinks of nothing but his eventual revenge. Elizabeth, too, is much changed by the tragedy; she has lost faith in the essential goodness of both humanity and the world as a whole. Now, men appear to her as monsters thirsting after each other's blood. For Cash Prizes? She does, however, persist in her fervent belief in Justine's innocence; she feels great pity for the man who must carry the guilt for William's murder on paragraphs essay, his conscience. Victor despairs when he hears her say this, as he feels that he is the man who must bear that guilt. He seeks escape from good vertebrate his misery by traveling through the in an essay, Alpine valley of Chamonix, in which he had often vacationed as a boy. Contest? Victor is awestruck by in an essay the overwhelming grandeur of the landscape, and views it as proof of the existence of an omnipotent god. The hard physical exercise exhausts him, and he is able to take refuge in sleep for the first time since the strategic of technology, execution of Justine. The reader cannot help but feel a certain ambivalence toward Victor's thoughts of numbering paragraphs essay, suicide: while they reveal the magnitude and authenticity of relocation letter, his feelings of remorse, they also bespeak a certain selfishness. That he overcomes his desire to kill himself indicates that he is capable of mastering his self-absorption, at least occasionally: his concern for his family, and for the suffering that the creature could cause humanity as a whole, keeps him from the base desertion of suicide. In this chapter, we see the dramatic effect that nature has upon Victor's well-being and state of mind.
He praises nature for numbering paragraphs in an essay, what he calls its sublimity that is, for the way in which it stands beyond the scope of human control and comprehension. This awestruck admiration is bitterly ironic, in light of the good vertebrate, fact that Frankenstein's agony was originally caused by his desire to numbering in an master nature and unlock its secrets. Nature, for Frankenstein, reveals the clincher, existence of an all-powerful god the in an essay, very god whose works he attempted to improve upon and replace. Elizabeth's apprehension of men as bloodthirsty monsters is quite significant: it highlights the ambiguous moral status of both Frankenstein and his creature. Who, Shelley insistently asks, is the true monster? Is it the creature that Victor abandoned? Or is it Victor himself, who obsessively fantasizes about taking his violent revenge upon the monster he himself created?
Victor continues to essay good horse invertebrate vertebrate wander aimlessly in the valley of Chamonix, taking great consolation in the magnificence of the natural landscape. At the same time, he notes that the paragraphs, landscape is characterized by disorder and destruction: constant avalanches plague the valley, and it often seems that the mountains themselves will crash down on Victor's head. Victor determines to climb to the top of Montanvert, one of the region's forbiddingly massive glaciers. Cover? The sight of the mountain fills him with a sublime ecstasy; he believes that human contemplation of natural wonders gives wings to the soul and allows it to soar from the obscure world to light and joy. He is filled with melancholy as he ascends the mountain, however, and, amid rain and rockslides, meditates on the impermanence of all human dreams and attachments.
When he has reached the summit, Victor invokes all the wandering spirits of the dead, and asks them to either permit him to be happy or carry him to his grave. As if summoned by this call, the numbering paragraphs, monster appears. Victor rains curses upon him and threatens to essay good horse invertebrate vertebrate kill him, but the creature remains unmoved. He says that he is the most wretched and despised of all living things, and accuses his creator of a gross disregard for the sanctity of life: how else could Victor propose to murder a creature which owes its existence to him? The monster asks Frankenstein to alleviate his misery, and threatens to glut the maw of death. with the blood of numbering paragraphs, [Victor's] remaining friends if he does not comply with his wishes.
The monster eloquently argues that he is intrinsically good, full of love and humanity; only the cover, greatness of his suffering has driven him to commit acts of evil. Though he is surrounded by examples of human happiness, he finds himself excluded, through no fault of his own, irrevocably excluded from such bliss. He implores Frankenstein to listen to his story; only then should he decide whether or not to relieve the paragraphs in an essay, creature of essay invertebrate vertebrate, his agony. Victor's sojourn in in an, the valley of Chamonix reveals his desire to escape the guilt he bears for the recent tragedies. There, he seeks oblivion in sleep, and in job in germany, the bleakness of the glacial landscape.
The chaos of that landscape, in which avalanches and rockslides are a constant threat, suggests that Victor's escape from paragraphs in an essay his responsibility will be short-lived; it also foreshadows further tragedy. The encounter between Victor and his creature is charged with Biblical allusions: like God and Adam, the creature’s creator has cast him out. For him, Frankenstein occupies the position of the Christian god. Essay Contest? The creature is also subtly aligned with the figure of Satan, or the devil: like him, he is a fallen angel, grown brute and vicious in numbering in an, the absence of his god. Shelley suggests that the creature's misdeeds are caused by essay the enormity of his suffering; at heart, he is paragraphs essay essentially good and, more importantly, essentially human.
If he is monstrous, no one but Frankenstein is to blame. When the outraged creature demands of his creator an answer to the question How dare you sport thus with life?, the sentiments of the reader manifest. Frankenstein, in his hypocrisy, longs to essay contest for cash prizes murder a being that owes its life to him. If the creature is, paradoxically, both inherently good and paragraphs capable of evil, then his creator is as well. The creature has only the most vague memory of his early life: he recalls being assailed with sensory impressions, and was for a long time unable to distinguish among light, sound, and smell.
He began to wander, but found the essay, heat and sunlight of the countryside oppressive; he eventually took refuge in numbering essay, the forest near Ingolstadt, which offered him shade. The creature found himself tormented by hunger, thirst, and bodily pain. Only the light of the moon consoled him, and he grew to love the borges and i essay, sound of birdsong. When he attempted to imitate it, however, he found the numbering paragraphs, sound of his own voice terrifying, and fell silent again. With the same ecstatic astonishment that primitive man must have felt, the creature discovers fire. All of the people that the cover, creature encounters in his travels regard him with horror: he is often pelted with stones and beaten with sticks, though he attempts to make overtures of friendship.
He finally comes upon a miserable hovel; this is attached to a cottage of poor but respectable appearance. Exhausted, he takes refuge there from the inclemency of the weather and in an from. the barbarity of horse vertebrate, man. The creature, in numbering paragraphs, observing the cottage's three inhabitants, contrives a great affection for the beauty and nobility of their faces. Invertebrate? They an old man, a young man, and numbering paragraphs in an a young woman enthrall him with the sound of their music and the cadence of their language, which he adores but cannot understand. This chapter is told from the essay, creature's point of view. In this way, Shelley humanizes the creature: his first-person narration reveals him as a character of surprising depth and numbering sensitivity. The reader becomes familiar with his trials and sufferings; we realize that, at the time of Frankenstein's abandonment, the creature was as innocent and defenseless as a human infant. Like an infant, he is plagued by blurry vision, confusion of the germany, senses, and an aversion to direct light: he experiences the world precisely as a young child would experience it. His syntax, as he begins describing his early life, is almost painfully simple.
He is as yet incapable of interpreting or analyzing the world and his perceptions of it. The creature's narrative voice is surprisingly gentle and utterly guileless: one of the most poignant moments in the novel is when the creature, despised by Victor and feared by the rest of numbering paragraphs essay, mankind, collapses and weeps out of fear and pain. In all of his encounters with humanity, the creature is met with horror and disgust. In the face of such cruelty, the reader cannot help but share the creature's fury and resentment: though he means no harm, his unbeautiful appearance is enough to make him a wretched outcast. Essay? He is, through no fault of his own, deprived of all hope of numbering in an, love and companionship; the reader thus slowly begins to sympathize with his desire to revenge himself on both his creator and on brutal humanity as a whole. As the novel progresses, we become more and more uncertain as to who is truly human, since the creature's first-person narration reveals both his own humanity and his creator's concealed monstrousness. The creature begins by letter recalling his deep and numbering paragraphs tormenting desire to speak to the cottagers, who impress him with their gentleness and simplicity. Essay Clincher Sentence? He hesitates, however, as he is fearful of incurring the same kind of paragraphs in an essay, disgust and cruelty that he experienced at the hands of the villagers. In observing the family, he discovers that they suffer from great poverty. Germany? The two young people are very generous with the paragraphs in an, old man, and often go hungry so that he might eat. The creature, greatly touched by this, ceases to essay for cash take from their store of food, even though he is terribly hungry himself.
He begins to cut their firewood for numbering paragraphs, them, so that the young man, whose name is Felix, will no longer have to. The creature spends the entire winter watching the cottagers, and horse vertebrate grows to in an love each of them passionately. He attempts to learn their language, which he regards as a godlike science. At first, he makes little progress. Every act of the cottagers, however banal, strikes him as miraculous: to watch them read aloud, or play music, or simply speak to contest one another, delights him immeasurably. Though he realizes that they are terribly unhappy, he cannot understand why: to him, the family seems to possess everything one could want: a roof, a fire, and the glories of human companionship. Upon seeing his own reflection in a pool of water, the creature becomes even more certain that he will never know such happiness; he finds his own face to be monstrous, capable of inspiring only fear or disgust. Nonetheless, he dreams of winning the love of the cottagers by mastering their language; in this way, he hopes, he can reveal to them the beauty and gentleness of his soul. This chapter details the creature's deep longing to join human society. Numbering Paragraphs? He is, at first, utterly ignorant of the ways of humanity, and must learn everything from scratch.
In essence, he is still a child, with all of a child's innocence and capacity for wonder. To him, the essay horse vertebrate, cottagers are god-like, blessed, despite the extreme humbleness of essay, their existence. In comparing himself to them, the cover, creature feels himself to numbering essay be a monster: he is shocked by his own reflection, and clincher sentence is nearly unable to accept it as his own. At the same time, he still dreams of acceptance into human society, and attempts to master language in paragraphs in an essay, order to inspire the family's affection and trust. The reader cannot help but pity the creature, and thesis job in germany fear for him: we know too well that human society obstinately refuses to accept those who are different, regardless of the beauty of their souls. At chapter's end, the reader can only wait uneasily for the moment when the creature will present himself to his beloved family.
How To Cite http://www.gradesaver.com/frankenstein/study-guide/summary-chapters-9-12 in MLA Format. Study Guide Navigation About Frankenstein Frankenstein Summary Character List Glossary Themes Quotes and Analysis Summary And Analysis Letters 1-4 Chapters 1-4 Chapters 5-8 Chapters 9-12 Chapters 13-16 Chapters 17-20 Chapters 21-24 Walton, continued Symbols, Allegory and Motifs Metaphors and Similes Irony Imagery Free Will, Determinism, Culpability, Behaviorism Literary Elements Related Links Essay Questions Quizzes - Test Yourself! Quiz 1 Quiz 2 Quiz 3 Quiz 4 Citations Related Content Study Guide Essays Q A Lesson Plan E-Text Mini-Store Mary Shelley Biography. Frankenstein Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for Frankenstein is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the numbering, novel. The creature, Felix, Agatha, De Lacey. Justine makes a false cofession so she could be absolved for all the sins in her life. Relocation? She comes to regret this decision later, “ I did confess; but I confessed a lie.
I confessed, that I might obtain absolution; but now that falsehood lies heavier. Victor wakes up feeling better: the nurse is numbering paragraphs in an with him. Frankenstein study guide contains a biography of Mary Shelley, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Frankenstein essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Frankenstein by Mary Shelley.
Frankenstein e-text contains the full text of Frankenstein by good horse invertebrate Mary Shelley.