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autoget resume BitchX is a VERY heavily modified ircII client. This is very important so pay attention. Research! Due to and men george, recent problem with DNS poisoning and hacked website content pointing to false release site FTP servers for BitchX, we have taken up new measures to insure that the source you are getting is in fact legitimate. Title Page! All files will be signed by the FTP site admin Rob Andrews. Literary Thinker Triple Twelve! His public key block is available on pgp.mit.edu and certserver.pgp.com as firstname.lastname@example.org. It is also available to be downloaded from here. go to ftp://ftp.cyberpunkz.org/ CVS can be obtained from ftp://ftp.cvshome.org/pub.
Primary CVS Repository. bash$ export CVSROOT=:pserver:email@example.com:/cvs/bitchx. bash$ cvs login (password is blank, just hit enter) bash$ cvs co BitchX. bash$ export CVSROOT=:pserver:firstname.lastname@example.org:/cvs/bitchx. bash$ cvs login (password is blank, just hit enter) bash$ cvs co BitchX. bash$ cd BitchX/ ; cvs update. BitchX now works with almost all UNIX OS's and Windows 32-bit. Mac OS X (Jaguar) This portion of the FAQ assumes you are running a GNU compliant operating system. Paper With Title Page! We'll post instruction below for and men essay george, those of you using other systems. Research Paper! ./configure (you can do ./configure --help to see more options) gmake (or make if so named as long as its the GNU version of make) All you really need is the BitchX binary. $ chmod +x /usr/local/bin/BitchX /usr/local/bin/scr-bx /usr/local/bin/wserv. BitchX.reasons Random kick messages, for /kick without a reason. BitchX.quit Random quit messages, for doing /quit without an audison thesis argument. BitchX.help The help file for BitchX (/bhelp). This is completely untrue.
Any 'backdoors' that have been found in earlier versions of BitchX are unintentional and a part of the normal program development process. They are, of course, fixed as soon as they are discovered. ftp.bitchx.org: 184.108.40.206, 220.127.116.11. Research Paper With Title! FAQ stands for hedge research paper, Frequently Asked Questions for with title, those of you who don't know what it means. Essays! We tell everyone to mla format research title page, read the fund, FAQ before coming to mla format research with, IRC to ask questions for of mice and men essay, a reason. Mla Format Research Paper With! While MD5 checksums are good for some purposes it has come to research, my attention lately that with machines being compromised and persons being determined to alway attempt to trojan source code for malicious purposes, that we have to research paper with, take the extra time to insure that sources being released are able to classification outline, be validated by a much more secure source. Key fingerprint = A722 0C2F 5A65 9357 DB71 09B9 4802 C4DE 42D1 F77C. BitchX offers built in support for public file offering called CDCC. Mla Format Research With! As this is not what is normally used by mIRC ircII scripts, which for the most part use XDCC, BitchX will recognize XDCC requests as CDCC requests. Research! /CDCC command will give you a list of options, and /CDCC without an argument will give you a list of arguments/commands you can use. Lately, there have been a lot of requests for help with getting color and function keys working in XWindows in the channel. Before you ask for help in the channel, please make sure that you have obtained the xterm variant called rxvt, and the font vga11x19. When you start rxvt, run it with the options -bg black -fg white -fn vga11x19.
If you do not have vga11x19, get it! Meanwhile, use the vga font as a substitute. If your function keys don't work, you may need to add this to. /bind meta3-2 CHANNEL_CHOPS. /bind meta3-3 CHANNEL_NONOPS. /bind meta3-4 CDCC_PLIST. Mla Format Paper With Title! /bind meta3-5 DCC_PLIST. /bind meta3-6 DCC_STATS. BitchX has a built-in toggle menu to turn on and off commonly used features of the client. type the following commands. /window set * status_format3 %C %+ %- BitchX has the ability to create windows which you can use for different purposes. /window new hide (create a new hidden window) /window kill (gets rid of current window) /window double [on|off] (turns on literary subject twelve or off double status bar) /window channel [#channel] (Join #channel in current window) /window bind [#channel] (Binds #channel to current window) /window unbind [#channel] (Unbinds #channel from current window) /window level [level] (Only show LEVEL messages in window) /window move [number] (Move current window to window number [number]) /window size [lines] (Sets current window to # lines) /window swap [window] (Swap to mla format research page, window number [window]) /window next (Move to the next window) /window previous (Move to the previous window) /window balance (Balances the displayed windows) /window fixed [on|off] (Turns window sizing options on/off) /window hide_others (Hides all windows except the current one) /window log [on|off] (Turns on/off logging for current window) /window server [servername] (Connect to essay literary subject thinker, a new server in current window) /window discon (Disconnect window from a server) /window show [num] (Makes window [num] visible, also a way to swap back to the top window of a splitted window) /window split [on|off] (Turn on/off the thrid status line on top of mla format title, screen (topic)) /window show_all (Makes all hidden windows visible) /window grow [#] (Grow a split window by # of of mice and men loneliness essay george, lines) /window shrink [#] (Shrink a split window by mla format with page, # of of mice essay, lines) /window back (Will swap you back one window, or to the lower window in paper page a split window screen) WALLS (IRCop /wallop messages) SNOTES (Server Notices) USERLOG1,2,3,4 or 5 (. ) KILL (Kill messages) KICKUSER (Kick messages) TOPIC (Topic messages) PUBLIC (Public channel messages) WALLOPS (Channel WALLOP messages) ACTIONS (/me type actions) BEEP (Any text with ^G BEEP character) MODEUSER (User mode changes) MODECHAN (Channel mode changes) PARTS (Channel parts) JOIN (Channel joins) HELP (Any type of help messages) MSGS (/msg type messages) DCC (DCC messages) TCL (Messages from the TCL subsystem) INVITES (Invitations to other channels) NOTIFY (Notify messages, ie: user is online, etc) NOTICES (/notice type messages) OPNOTES (IRCop Notifications) CTCP (CTCP messages, ie: ping, version, etc) SEND_MSG (Sent /msg's to other users) KICK (Channel kicks) DEBUG (Internal Debug messages, when /set debug 1) ^W- - Shrinks current window 1 line. ^W+ - Grows current window 1 line.
^Wm - Moves current window down 1 line. ^Wl - Lists current windows. ^Wk - Kills current window. ^Wh - Hides current window. ^Wb - Balances window sizes. ^Wn - Swaps to next window. ^Wp - Swaps to previous window. /# - Shows window number (1-4) The length of model essays spm english, nickname is research with title page controlled by a number of FSET variables: /FSET NAMES_BOTCOLOR %K[%C$0%G$1%K] /FSET NAMES_OPCOLOR %K[%C$0%n%B$1%K] /FSET NAMES_VOICECOLOR %K[%Mv%B$1%K] /FSET NAMES_SHITCOLOR %K[%C$0%n%R$1%K] /FSET NAMES_FRIENDCOLOR %K[%C$0%Y$1%K] /FSET NAMES_NICKCOLOR %K[%B $1%K] Submitted by BinGOs (email@example.com) on Wed Sep 24 1:59:30 MDT 2003. Submission approved by tilt on Wed Oct 1 4:00:40 MDT 2003. Yes! BitchX supports TCL scripts. To get BitchX for Windows, you need to go to http://www.bitchx.org/download.php and look for the Precompiled i386 Win 95/98/NT version. Alternativley you could try ftp://ftp.bitchx.org/. The latest version of BitchX for of mice loneliness essay george, Windows is 1.0c11 unless you are running Cygwin. The variables that you can set under Windows are pretty the same as those you set under Unix. IRCNICK - Your nickname.
As usual, overridden by a commandline argument. IRCUSER - Your username. Mla Format Paper! IRC_HOST, IRCHOST - Virtual hostname. See section 6 for seasons, details. IRCNAME - Real name or GECOS field. IRCSERVER - Server(s) separated by spaces to use, in the format irc.host.com:port[:password] IRCPORT - Default port to look for an IRC server on.
The standard (and BitchX's default) is mla format with title port 6667. IRCUMODE - Default usermode. IRCRC - Where to essay subject twelve, look for .ircrc. By popular demand, here is an example batch file for windows, it sets some various env variables and then starts BitchX, lines preceded with REM are comments: SET IRCNAME=BitchX for Windows User. REM one can't be connected to, then the next one is used, and so on. REM SET IRCHOST=WinBitchX.com REM -c #BitchX (joins #BitchX on startup) REM -l bx-rc (load bx-rc on startup) BitchX -c #BitchX -l bx-rc. /.bitchxrc in page Windows? NO! The Windows equivilant to UNIX's /.bitchxrc is bx-rc placed in the $HOME directory.
You can still use the same commands in here though. Classification! There is an example .bitchxrc by mla format research title, power called example-.bitchxrc located in the 'doc' directory in your BitchX folder. /bx-conf directory there is seasons essay a file called BitchX.quit with a. huge list of quit messages, I think they were created by BlackJac. Delete all these and put a few or just one of your own in. Or, if you don't have that, go into BitchX and type /set default_reason or just create the BitchX.quit file. Mla Format With! NOTE: There is also a file called BitchX.kck this contains random kick messages.
In BitchX type /load /path/to/script if the script is in your $HOME. directory then just type /load. /scriptname.bx or if you want the. script to load everytime you start BitchX then add this to classification essay outline, your .bitchxrc. PMBitchX is an OS/2 Graphical User Interface (GUI) port of the original. BitchX by panasync. Many of the mla format research with page, GUI enhancements are based on the OS/2. client OpenChat. The current features are: multiwindows, resizeable. For All! windows, font's configurable, scriptable pulldown menus, full BitchX. Research Paper! script compatibility, floatable nicklist window, properties notebook, file font and popup dialogs, and multimedia enhancements (sound). www.BitchX.org or ftp.BitchX.org. These are set by environment variables, the four most important variables. are IRCNICK, IRCNAME, USER and HOME. Research! If you are using BETA 3 and mla format research with, up the. Classification Outline! installation program should have set these for mla format with page, you. Otherwise you will. And Men Loneliness! have to put these variables in your CONFIG.SYS, or edit the PMBITCHX.CMD. file and use that to paper, start your IRC session.
At the input prompt type /loaddll nicklist, and then type /nl to audison thesis, activate. the nicklist window. In the mla format research page, current version of the nicklist plugin, run. /nl only once, because the a man for all essay, second time you run /nl it should close the. window, but it does not do it correctly so you won't be able to get the. At the input prompt type /load bxmenu.bx, this will load the default. PMBitchX script adding all the functionality most users desire. Go to page, the HOME directory pointed to by the HOME environment variable, and. create a file called bx-rc, this is the equivalent to .bitchxrc in UNIX. In that file enter the commands to hedge fund research paper, load the dll's and scripts you desire. Due to filename restrictions on FAT systems the BitchX filenames have. been shortened for OS/2 and Windows 9x/NT. gtkBitchX is a port of PMBitchX to X/Windows using the gtk (Gimp Toolkit) windowing library. It includes all the mla format research paper title, features of PMBitchX, except in a UNIX environment. To compile gtkBitchX from scratch you will need the following: GTK 1.2.0, ZVT from gnome-libs 1.0.12, imlib 1.9.4 and pthreads. glibc 2.1 or. higher is fund research paper recommended if on Linux. The GUI features are scripted.
There is a file called menu.bx in the doc. Research Paper With Title Page! directory in the package ( /BitchX/doc). To get the menus copy menu.bx. into your home directory and type /load. /menu.bx in BitchX. Install a vga compatible font such as vga.pcf and then do this: /set DEFAULT_FONT vga | /save | /window font vga. /EVAL XECHO -r $chr(27)(U. When menu.bx is loaded there are paste options on twelve the BitchX pulldown. menu and also on the popup menu. Or you use the command /pmpaste. There are doc's in the BitchX-docs project ( will give you the info needed, to view them in gtkBitchX type /ehelp. You are probably loading menu.bx in your .bitchxrc.
Since gtkBitchX (and. menu.bx) make use of key bindings that don't exist in mla format with page console BitchX. problems can occur. Remove the essay literary triple, ^load menu.bx from your .bitchxrc when. using console BitchX. In most cases people will tell you to use screen when possible. Mla Format Research Paper Title! We would agree that screen would be more suited for most users. By default doing /list returns an error message due to most networks having a large number of channels.
This command will turn off the ability to see colors that are not standard. Unless you are root, you won't have to worry about bxglobal. BitchX runs fine without it. Spm English! What is it? Nothing more than a global .bitchxrc. /.ircrc, and how are they different? .bitchxrc and .ircrc are both startup files written in the scripting language. They are both loaded up by with title page, BitchX automatically. What are the differences? /.ircrc is loaded by essay subject thinker, all ircII-based clients, and paper title page, you should only put things compatible with basic ircII scripting in it. /.bitchxrc is loaded only by BitchX, and fund research paper, you should put all BitchX-specific scripting in here. / means your home directory. You cannot place this file in another location an expect it to mla format research with, work unless you issue the -l or -L command line argument. For more info about the of mice loneliness essay george, command line options use the -h switch to show you a list of options you can pass to BitchX when starting it up. /.ircrc may cause you problems. %P and %M - bold purple/magenta. %p and %m - and purple/magenta.
To script, you should have at least some experience using the client so you know how things SHOULD react, etc, etc. Mla Format Research Paper With Page! There is for all no designated guide to scripting, just look at the scripts that come with the BitchX source, or ircII scripts that you already have/can get. (/eval echo $func(args) and /command). If it's definitely an undocumented feature, e.g. Mla Format Title Page! you can't find out what its' use is, ask in the channel, someone may be able to help. This depends on which unix shell you run. For sh based shells, you would simply use: IRCSERVERS server:port server2:port2 server3:port3 IRCNAME hi, I'm no longer too lame to read BitchX.doc!
IRC_HOST virtual hostname here (see sec. 3.7 for details) Spoofing: NO. BitchX is not, and never has been, a spoofer. On the seasons essay, right-hand side, you see: [U:a:S:b:h], this gives you a quick look at some of the options that are turned ON and off in BitchX. An uppercase letter means the option is on, while a lowercase letter means the option is off. U=userlist, a=autoop S=shitlist b=bitch h=hacking. [O/35 N/128 I/4 V/0 F/0], this gives you a quick overview of the mla format paper title, status of the people in the channel. O = number of essay thinker, ops in the channel. N = number of non-ops in the channel. I = number of IRCOps in the channel. V = number of voiced users in the channel.
F = number of people on your friend's list in mla format research the channel. Audison Thesis! /adduser nick #channel friend,i_ops. OPS,I_OPS would instantly give OPS to a user. Mla Format Research Paper! VOICE,I_OPS would instantly give VOICE to model spm english, a user (NOT OPS) /adduser nick #channel1,#channel2,#etc friend,i_ops. BOT - Creates a bot entry in userlist(/addbot replacement) DCC - Allows a users dcc to auto-get regardless of whether /set dcc_autoget is Off or On. DEOP - Deops offender who deops a protected user. FLOOD - AllowS Flood checking to be turned off on a user.
INVITE - Allows a user to mla format with page, invite themself to a channel your in model essays spm english via CTCP. I_OPS - Allows a user to be instantly opped upon mla format with, joining a channel they are protected in (NOT RECOMMENDED) KICK - Kicks offender who bans/kicks protected user. OPS - Allows a user to for all seasons essay, be opped via CTCP/deleyed ops. PBAN - When a user is banned from a channel they are protected on, they are automatically un-banned. Research Paper Page! PINVITE - When a user is kicked from a channel they are protected on, they are automatically re-invited back. REOP - When a user is deopped from a channel they are protected on, they are automatically re-opped.
UNBAN - Allows a user to remotely unban his/herself via CTCP. VOICE - Auto-voice on audison thesis join. Research Paper With Page! FRIEND - Combination of: VOICE,OPS,UNBAN,INVITE. MASTER - Combination of: VOICE,OPS,BAN,UNBAN,INVITE,DCC,FLOOD. OWNER - Combination of: MASTER,KILL,DIE,BOT. 1 - Deop user at all times.
2 - Kick user when they join the channel. 3 - Ban/Kick user when they join the and men loneliness george, channel. 4 - Ban user at all times. 5 - Perm ignore ALL from user. Mla Format Research! To remove users on your /userlist type /unuser nick|nick!ident@host #channel. Audison Thesis! /fset format_version Hi, this is my new version reply. /set timestamp on. Yes, you can.
Before you compile BitchX, modify the Makefile and mla format paper with title, turn on the CDROM features. /cdplay /cdpause /cdstop /cdvol /cdlist /cdeject. All this means is that you need to install the ncurses package from http://www.gnu.org/software/ncurses/ncurses.html. Yes. For certain it is supported under Linux and FreeBSD. In FreeBSD you can use the ports version of BitchX and specify that you wish to use IPV6 by essay subject thinker, doing 'cd /usr/ports/irc/bitchx/ make WITH_IPV6=yes make install clean' and it will build and install BitchX with IPV6 support. In your home directory create a file called .ircservers. /set kick_ops off will protect ops from not being kicked when they do annoying things that my BitchX kick. /set annoy_kick on will kick on CAPS and mirc colors on channel except those protected. Submitted by Petre Daniel dnai@Undernet#BitchX (firstname.lastname@example.org) on Sat Dec 21 10:22:57 EST 2002. Submission approved by tilt on mla format paper with Sat Dec 21 13:13:19 EST 2002. - To delete an active timer, type /timer -del refnum - To make a timer loop indefinately, type /timer -rep -1 delay command To make a timer to /msg nick hi every 10 seconds, you would: /timer -rep -1 10 /msg nick hi. get the RefNum of the timer you want to delete, and of mice and men loneliness essay, use /timer -del # /set userlist on. /cset userlist on. /adduser [optionally add '-ppp' for mla format paper, dynamic IPs] OPS,I_OPS (cannot have a password set) To autoget dcc sends, type /toggle dcc_autoget. To set your DCC download path, type /set dcc_dldir /path/to/dir. name as a file that is already in your DCC_DLDIR path, type /set dcc_autorename on. you can type /set dcc_max_autoget_size 2000000 - This will set your max. autoget filesize to 2MB. you can /set dcc_get_limit # - Where # is the max you want to have.
Set. this to 0 to have unlimited (the default) using /set dcc_force_port port_num - Where port_num is the model essays spm english, port you. want to use for DCC SENDs and DCC GETs. using /set dcc_use_gateway_addr YES. will give you a list of all variables beginning with dcc* that you. are able to set. Submitted by BlackJac on Mon Apr 7 17:18:33 EDT 2003. Submitted by By-Tor (email@example.com) on Fri Apr 11 11:15:14 EDT 2003. Mla Format Paper! Submission approved by power on Fri Apr 11 16:59:17 EDT 2003. To send an action in private message, type the following:
/describe nick text. Literary Thinker Triple! /describe dovee laughs. To start a query type: when you talk in message to more then one person it can get confusing. Mla Format Research Paper With! If you send a message to the wrong person the first time, you can easily send the same message to the right person. /msg dove Hey how you doing?! Alot of people don't like the bold colon which is standard for BitchX nick completion. To change it, type simply: I talk to someone who just types fast. how do I stop my client from auto-ignoring them? Then turn off your auto-ignore feature. /set flood_prot off. using this small tweak in your .bitchxrc file: /msg firstname.lastname@example.org login USERNAME PASSWORD. then you can change your mode to USERNAME.users.undernet.org on model essays Undernet or another thing on research with other networks. Submitted by Petre Daniel (email@example.com) on Tue May 13 21:05:46 EDT 2003. Submission approved by subject thinker triple, power on Sun May 25 22:47:32 EDT 2003. /set TIMESTAMP_STRING [%H:%M] to start a dcc chat with someone type. /dcc chat nickname. /dcc close chat nick (/dcc close TYPE nick) /dcc close #number (make sure you have the mla format page, pound sign) Connect to an irc server using SSL by typing: /server -ssl server. Loneliness! aside from looking in /bhelp to find out your answer.
You will already have noticed that when you press the RETURN key, the paper with title page, message you have typed is hedge fund paper sent to the current channel, or the research paper page, command you have typed is obeyed. Essay! This is because the RETURN key is bound to the internal BitchX function SEND_LINE. the mla format page, next time you start bitchx your bind will work. AUTOREPLY types the nick of the last person to audison thesis, msg you. AUTOREPLY_BACK (commented out; a no-op) BACKSPACE delete left one charater in the input buffer. BACKWARD_CHARACTER move left one charater in the input buffer. BACKWARD_HISTORY replace the input buffer with the previous string from your input history. Research Paper With Title! BACKWARD_WORD move left to a space. BEGINNING_OF_LINE move left to the start of the line. BLINK insert the blink attribute (control-F) BOLD insert BOLD (control-b) to toggle bold on/off. CDCC_PLIST display the offerlist to audison thesis, current channel. CHANNEL_CHOPS shows ops on the current channel (see USER)
CHANNEL_NONOPS shows non-ops on the current channel (see USER) CHANGE_TO_SPLIT switch server to one on research with title the other side of a netsplit. CHELP print the essay literary twelve, help index. CLEAR_SCREEN clear the current window. Research Page! COMMAND_COMPLETION attempts to complete the current command based on what you've typed so far, so /cle might expand to hedge research paper, /CLEAR for example. Paper Page! CPU_SAVER who knows? DCC_PLIST show active DCC transfer status.
DCC_STATS show accumulated DCC transfer stats. DELETE_CHARACTER delete under the cursor. For All! DELETE_NEXT_WORD delete word forward. DELETE_PREVIOUS_WORD delete word backward. DELETE_TO_PREVIOUS_SPACE delete bigword backward.
END_OF_LINE move to the end of input line. ENTER_DIGRAPH enter an mla format research title page 8-bit character I think. ERASE_LINE clear the whole input line. ERASE_TO_BEG_OF_LINE delete to the start of the line. ERASE_TO_END_OF_LINE delete to the end of the audison thesis, line.
FORWARD_CHARACTER move forward one character. FORWARD_HISTORY replace the input line with the next item from title your history. FORWARD_WORD move forward one word. HIGHLIGHT_OFF insert the highlight off character (control-o) tht cancels all highlight modes (bold, underline, flash) IGNORE_NICK inserts a command /ig , where is the last nick to send you a message. Essay Literary Triple! Press return if you want to keep the command, or delete it as if you had typed it by mla format research paper with, mistake.
JOIN_LAST_INVITE join the channel to which you were most revently /INVITEd. NEW_BEGINNING_OF_LINE same as beginning_of_line but also sets the internal extended_handled variable. NEW_SCROLL_BACKWARD scroll the window half a screen backwards. NEW_SCROLL_END scroll to the end (the most recent part) of the current window. NEW_SCROLL_FORWARD scroll half a page down towards the end of the of mice and men loneliness, current window. NEXT_WINDOW move to the next window. NICK_COMPLETION the with title page, nick completion character. Of Mice! NOTHING key bound to this are silently ignored. PARSE_COMMAND not sure what this does. PREVIOUS_WINDOW cycle through windows.
QUIT_IRC leave BitchX without any prompt or warning. QUOTE_CHARACTER the mla format research with title, next character you type is inserted literally. REFRESH_INPUTLINE redraw the input buffer. REFRESH_SCREEN refresh the entire screen. REVERSE insert the reverse video command character (contreol-v) SCROLL_BACKWARD scroll the window half a screen backwards. SCROLL_END scroll to research paper, the ens of the window SCROLL_FORWARD scroll forwards half a screen in the current window. SCROLL_START scroll to the start of the scrollback buffer in research paper page the current window. SELF_INSERT insert the key typed. SEND_LINE return: do the line! SHOVE_TO_HISTORY save the current line in the history. STOP_IRC suspend BitchX (use fg to get it back; STOP_IRC is seasons not always available.
SWAP_LAST_WINDOW swap the mla format paper page, current window with the audison thesis, last hidden one in mla format research paper with the list. Hedge Fund Research Paper! SWAP_NEXT_WINDOW swap the research page, current window with the next hidden one. SWAP_PREVIOUS_WINDOW swap the current window with the next hidden one. SWITCH_CHANNELS talk to another channel in audison thesis the same window. TAB_MSG inserts /msg nick at the start of the buffer. TOGGLE_CLOAK ctcp cloaking on research paper with title page or off; this will give a message like CTCP Cloaking is now [Off] when you press the key (Delete on outline the arrowpad by default). With CTCP cloacking on, people don't get replies from mla format paper with title you for ctcp requests like ping, version and finger. TOGGLE_INSERT_MODE witch between insert and overtype mode. TOGGLE_STOP_SCREEN stop scrolling I think TRANSPOSE_CHARACTERS swap the character under the cursor with the literary subject thinker triple, one to its left.
TYPE_TEXT in a script, this makes text appear in research title page the input buffer. In input, it's already there, so you don't see anything. UNCLEAR_TEXT undoes the effect of clear! UNDERLINE inserts control-_, the underline start/stop character. UNSTOP_ALL_WINDOWS resume scrolling everywehre. WHOLEFT show who was disconnected by a netsplit in of mice and men loneliness essay george all your current channels. WINDOW_BALANCE make the research paper title page, split screen windows be equally sized. WINDOW_GROW_ONE make the current window larger. WINDOW_HELP show the window help index.
WINDOW_HIDE hide the current window; text will continue to accumulate in the hidden window with no indication that it's there. WINDOW_KILL close (kill) the and men essay george, current window; does not part any channels. Mla Format Paper With Page! WINDOW_LIST list your windows. WINDOW_MOVE swap this window with some other one. WINDOW_SHRINK_ONE make the current window smaller. YANK_FROM_CUTBUFFER insert the last text you deleted. /REL Usage: /rel? -command # nick- command is one of the following: -kick, -wall, -notice, -msg, -wallop, -topic, -kill, -kboot, -ansi and -list- If the hedge fund research paper, list supports more than one saved message then # can be from mla format research paper page 0-9- nick can be a nick or a channel. If left off, then current channel isassumed. /RELC Usage: /relc- Displays the last CTCP command issued. /RELCR Usage: /relcr- Displays the last CTCP reply message received. For All Seasons Essay! /RELCRT Usage: /relcrt- Changes the topic to the last CTCP reply message. /RELCT Usage: /relct- Changes the topic to the last CTCP command issued. /RELD Usage: /reld- Displays the last DCC msg recieved. /RELDT Usage: /reldt- Sets the topic to mla format research with, the last DCC message recieved. /RELI Usage: /reli- Shows the last invite message received. /RELIT Usage: /relit- Changes the topic to a man for all essay, the last invite message received. /RELM Usage: /relm - Redirects last received message to mla format research title, If invoked with -l, the last 10 messages received are listed-l # will display message number # /RELMT Usage: /relmt - Changes the topic to the last received message. /RELN Usage: /reln - Redirects last received notice to If invoked with -l, the last 10 messages received are listed-l # will display message number # /RELNT Usage: /relnt- Changes the topic to the last notice received. /RELS Usage: /rels - Redirects last received server notice to If invoked with -l, the last 10 messages received are listed-l # will display message number # /RELSM Usage: /relsm - Redirects last sent message to. /RELSMT Usage: /relsmt- Changes the audison thesis, topic to the last message issued by you. /RELSN Usage: /relsn - Redirects last sent notice to. /RELSNT Usage: /relsnt- Changes the topic to paper page, the last notice issued by you. /RELST Usage: /relst- Displays the last topic issued by you. /RELSTT Usage: /relstt- Changes the topic to audison thesis, the last topic issued by you. /RELSW Usage: /relsw- Sorry, no help is available for this command yet. Mla Format Research Paper With Title! /RELSWT Usage: /relswt- Sorry, no help is available for this command yet. /RELT Usage: /relt- Displays the current topic in essays the current channel. /RELW Usage: /relw- Displays the last wallop message received. /RELWT Usage: /relwt- Changes the topic to the last wallop message received. Not that we think you are stupid and mla format research paper title page, that you couldn't have just typed at your prompt: The [nickname] can be at most 15 characters long.
The [server list] is a whitespace separate list of server name. Seasons! The [switches] may be any or all of the following. Paper Title Page! -H uses the virtual hostname if possible. -N do not auto-connect to the first server. -A do not display the a man, startup ansi. -c joins on startup. don't forget to escape the # using. -b load .bitchxrc or .ircrc after connecting to a server. default server connection port (usually 6667) -f your terminal uses flow controls (^S/^Q), so BitchX shouldn't. -F your terminal doesn't use flow control (default) -d runs BitchX in dumb terminal mode. -q does not load. -r file load file as list of servers. -n nickname nickname to use. With Page! -a adds default servers and command line servers to server list. -x runs BitchX in debug mode. Classification Essay! -Z use NAT address when doing dcc. -P toggle check pid.nickname for running program. -v tells you about the client's version. -i ignores the autojoin list entries. -l loads in place of your .ircrc. -L loads in place of mla format research page, your .ircrc and expands $ expandos. -B force BitchX to fork and return you to shell. pid check on. BitchX gives you the option of adding a file to your client configuration in the HOME directory. Create a file called .bitchxrc. /msg nickname message. Set the variable SHOW_CHANNEL_NAMES to off with this command: Submitted by Scott (firstname.lastname@example.org) on Wed Aug 27 12:40:40 EDT 2003. Submission approved by essay thinker triple, dovee on Mon Sep 8 16:47:15 EDT 2003.
You can use /paste. if you want to paste more rows use /paste 1-5. 1 is paper with title first row you choose last. Submitted by freeman (email@example.com) on Mon Aug 25 18:22:48 EDT 2003. Submission approved by of mice, dovee on Mon Sep 8 16:47:27 EDT 2003. Question: How can I disable the clock at mla format research with, the status bar ? Thanks for asking Leslie, but ask your questions in http://forum.bitchx.org next time :) identd is an application BitchX uses (like screen) but it is model spm english not supported by BitchX. I see this happening. Mla Format With! hey mhackah. Spm English! you ALMOST got your nick back. Mla Format Paper With! #8729;#8729; Connection closed from irc.arcti.ca: Unknown error: 0. #8729;#8729; Use /Server to connect to a server. #8729;#8729; Connecting to port 6667 of server irc.arcti.ca [refnum 1] someone here ever setup pppd for dialin? and made it work. Assuming that you typed /save after you /ajoin'd a channel. To fix this problem: If Quakenet is showing the auth incorrectly when you /whois. Submitted by Will (firstname.lastname@example.org) on subject thinker twelve Sun Oct 5 9:33:26 MDT 2003. Submission approved by sin on Wed Oct 8 10:30:07 MDT 2003.
When setting up your SecureCRT client to connect to a remote system which you plan to use BitchX to chat on IRC you might wish to take notice of the following. Erm.. sort of? We will be using a DCC Chat session to accomplish this. /do quote privmsg $N :$chr(1)DCC CHAT CHAT $iplong(127.0.0.1) 9001 $chr(1) After you have made any type of change using /set, /cset, /toggle, etc. Paper With Title! always remember to use '/save' to of mice loneliness essay george, save all settings so they will be the mla format with page, same next type you reload the client. Yes, BitchX 1.0c18 or greater should compile just fine on the initial release of and men essay, OS X (10.0.1), tho a replacement teminal might be required, as the one that ships with OS X lacks certain flow control features that BitchX uses, GLterm is mla format with title page a great replacement for hedge, term.app http://www.pollet.net/GLterm/ (thanks for telling me about research with title, it paul). If you find and issues with BitchX on hedge fund paper OS X, please e-mail me, email@example.com, so i can address them, and hopefully fix them before the next release. Yes. BitchX includes multi-server support. /.ircservers file into server groups. /set server_groups on. Since there are still some networks out research with there that do not allow nickname registration there was a handy builtin called orignick added to BitchX. Currently the AIM plugin for BitchX compiles and loads up just fine.
However due to loneliness essay george, the fact that AIM changes how their protocol works so often there hasn't been an update to the plugin for mla format research with title, some time which means that it currently does not work. By default, only audison thesis actions, public chatter and messages from others are timestamped. This is controlled by the corresponding display formats - a %@ in research with title page a display format will be replaced with a timestamp when timestamps are turned on. Seasons Essay! . Mla Format With Title Page! JOIN $G %C$1 %K[%c$2%K]%n has joined $3. /.bitchxrc startup script. In the case that you find your irc session with a bunch of unreadable characters there are a couple ways to reset this without having to kill the client or /quit blindly. in fund research paper your shell type reset. Research With Title Page! If the characters are still messed up logout then back in. In large channels (1000+ users) sometimes the JOIN/PARTS/QUITS messages turns to be more SPAM than anything useful. Audison Thesis! Submitted by mla format paper title page, icarus (firstname.lastname@example.org) on classification essay outline Tue Feb 17 5:57:01 MST 2004. Submission approved by ice-man on Sat Feb 28 16:26:02 MST 2004. First make sure you're using the latest version of research paper, BitchX, currently that is BitchX 1.20cvs. Then make sure you're able control the firewall/gateway to forward a port to your computer. /set DCC_USE_GATEWAY_ADDR ON. /set DCC_FORCE_PORT num After a long time of being down scripts.bitchx.org has returned with a whole new group of george, scripts and a user submission system which allows script creators a chance to post their scripts and have control over releases and updates of mla format research title, their own scripts from model now on.
Check that site often as it is mla format with constantly changing and being added onto. If you want to get some help with minor scripting problems you run into. We suggest you type. Audison Thesis! any scripters are around to answer your questions. In the .bitchxrc file add the following lines:- ^msg Q@CServe.quakenet.org AUTH. is your password :) Submitted by BinGOs (email@example.com) on with Wed Aug 20 10:32:56 EDT 2003. Submission approved by model essays, dovee on Mon Sep 8 16:47:48 EDT 2003. Yes there is a dcc fserv script for BitchX available now. If there is research paper with page nothing in this faq that pertains to for all seasons, you. Please let us know about it!
This portion of the FAQ will contain information known regarding bugs in the BitchX IRC client and research paper, how to correct or work around a known problem until an official patch or upgrade to the code is made in the CVS tree. This issue has been resolved in the CVS version of BitchX-1.0c20 as of the beginning of and men essay, April 2003. The code optimiser in gcc versions 3.2 and 3.2.1 produces buggy code in some circumstances - this causes BitchX compiled with these versions of gcc (which are included in recent versions of Mandrake and Red Hat) to paper title page, crash when script files formatted in a certain way are loaded. This also extends to loneliness, the. With Page! /.bitchxrc startup script. Channel-logging (/cset log on) is currently sufficiently broken to be unuseable.
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How to Do a Title Page in MLA Format (with Examples) - wikiHow
My Daughter’s Homework Is Killing Me. What happens when a father, alarmed by his 13-year-old daughter's nightly workload, tries to do her homework for a week. The Things People Say Right Before They Leave the Trump Administration. Trump's Puerto Rico Visit Is a Political Disaster. When Do We Get to Call Someone a Terrorist? Memorization, not rationalization. Mla Format Page? That is the classification outline, advice of my 13-year-old daughter, Esmee, as I struggle to make sense of research, a paragraph of notes for an upcoming Earth Science test on minerals. “Minerals have crystal systems which are defined by the # of axis and the length of the audison thesis, axis that intersect the crystal faces.” That’s how the notes start, and they only with title page get murkier after that. When I ask Esmee what this actually means, she gives me her homework credo. Esmee is in the eighth grade at the NYC Lab Middle School for Collaborative Studies, a selective public school in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan. My wife and I have noticed since she started there in a man seasons essay, February of last year that she has a lot of homework. We moved from Pacific Palisades, California, where Esmee also had a great deal of homework at Paul Revere Charter Middle School in mla format paper title page, Brentwood.
I have found, at both schools, that whenever I bring up the homework issue with teachers or administrators, their response is that they are required by the state to cover a certain amount of material. There are standardized tests, and everyone—students, teachers, schools—is being evaluated on those tests. I’m not interested in the debates over of mice and men loneliness teaching to research title the test or No Child Left Behind. What I am interested in is what my daughter is doing during those nightly hours between 8 o’clock and midnight, when she finally gets to bed. Essay? During the school week, she averages three to with page four hours of audison thesis, homework a night and six and a half hours of mla format paper with page, sleep. Some evenings, when we force her to go to bed, she will pretend to go to model sleep and research with, then get back up and continue to do homework for another hour. The following mornings are awful, my daughter teary-eyed and exhausted but still trudging to school. I wonder: What is the exact nature of the work that is turning her into a sleep-deprived teen zombie so many mornings? I decide to model do my daughter’s homework for mla format with, one typical week. By late afternoon, I am tired after filing a magazine article on deadline. I’m not looking forward to homework.
When I arrive home, a few minutes ahead of Esmee, I consider delaying my week of homework, but then I realize that Esmee can never put off her week of homework. So I am relieved when she tells me she doesn’t have much tonight. Audison Thesis? We have 11 algebra equations. Paper With Title? (Esmee’s algebra class is doing a section on polynomials, a word I haven’t heard in decades.) We also have to read 79 pages of Angela’s Ashes and find “three important and powerful quotes from the section with 1–2 sentence analyses of its [ sic ] significance.” There is also the Earth Science test tomorrow on minerals. I am surprised by the amount of reading. Reading and writing is what I do for a living, but in hedge fund, my middle age, I’ve slowed down. So a good day of research paper with title page, reading for me, assuming I like the book and I’m not looking for quotable passages, is between 50 and 100 pages. Seventy-nine pages while scanning for usable material—for a magazine essay or for homework—seems like at least two hours of reading. But the essay literary triple, math is mla format paper title page easier than I thought. We are simplifying equations, which involves reducing (–18m 2 n) 2 ? (–(1/6)mn 2 ) to –54m 5 n 4 , which I get the hang of for all, again after Esmee’s good instructions.
I breeze through those 11 equations in research paper with title page, about 40 minutes and even correct Esmee when she gets one wrong. (I think. I may be overconfident.) I then start reading Angela’s Ashes while Esmee studies for Earth Science. We have only literary subject triple twelve one copy of the mla format research paper title page, book, so we decide it will be more efficient to stagger our work. I’ve never read Angela’s Ashes , and it’s easy to spm english see the appeal.
Frank McCourt, whom I once saw give a beautiful tribute to Peter Matthiessen at a Paris Review Revel, is engaging and funny. But after 30 minutes I am only about 16 pages in, and Esmee has finished studying for mla format, Earth Science and needs the book. So we switch. It is now time for me to struggle with Earth Science. The textbook Esmee’s class is using is simply called Earth Science and was written by classification Edward J. Tarbuck and Frederick K. Mla Format Research Title Page? Lutgens. Model Essays Spm English? “The term synergistic applies to the combined efforts of Tarbuck and Lutgens,” says the biographical note at the beginning. Paper? “Early in their careers, they shared frustrations with the limited availability of textbooks designed for non-majors.” So they rolled up their sleeves and wrote their own textbook, which reads exactly like every other textbook. “If you look again at Table 1,” begins the section on silicates, “you can see that the two most abundant elements in Earth’s crust are silicon and oxygen.” I spend the next five minutes looking for Table 1, which is 12 pages earlier in audison thesis, the book. Then come carbonates, oxides, the sulfates and sulfides, halides, and—I am asleep after about 20 minutes. When I wake up, I go out to find Esmee in the living room, where she is buried in Angela’s Ashes. I struggle with Earth Science for another half hour, attempting to memorize rather than understand, before I give up and decide I have to get my reading done. Since Esmee is using our copy of with page, Angela’s Ashes , I figure I will just read another 63 pages of the novel Mr. Penumbra’s 24-Hour Bookstore , which I started yesterday.
I don’t make it. I’m asleep for good after about essays spm english, 15 pages. Esmee stays up until a little after midnight to finish her reading. I don’t remember how much homework was assigned to me in eighth grade. With Title Page? I do know that I didn’t do very much of it and that what little I did, I did badly.
My study habits were atrocious. After school I often went to friends’ houses, where I sometimes smoked marijuana, and then I returned home for dinner; after lying to my parents about not having homework that night, I might have caught an hour or two of television. In Southern California in hedge research, the late ’70s, it was totally plausible that an eighth grader would have no homework at all. If my daughter came home and said she had no homework, I would know she was lying. Paper With? It is audison thesis inconceivable that her teachers wouldn’t assign any. What has changed? It seems that while there has been widespread panic about American students’ falling behind their peers in Singapore, Shanghai, Helsinki, and everywhere else in science and mathematics, the research with title, length of the school day is about the same. The school year hasn’t been extended. Literary Thinker? Student-teacher ratios don’t seem to mla format paper title have changed much.
No, our children are going to audison thesis catch up with those East Asian kids on their own damn time. Every parent I know in New York City comments on how much homework their children have. Mla Format Paper Page? These lamentations are a ritual whenever we are gathered around kitchen islands talking about our kids’ schools. Well, imagine if after putting in a full day at outline the office—and school is with title pretty much what our children do for essay, a job—you had to come home and do another four or so hours of office work. Monday through Friday. Plus Esmee gets homework every weekend. If your job required that kind of mla format research title page, work after work, how long would you last? My younger daughter, Lola, 11, is a little jealous that I am spending my evenings doing homework with her sister.
I tell her she should be happy she doesn’t have so much homework that I find it worth investigating. She agrees with this, but still makes me feel so guilty about it that I let her watch Pretty Little Liars , her favorite show. The co-op board meets—and over fund research paper my objections makes me secretary—before I can start on Esmee’s homework. Tonight we have 12 more algebra equations, 45 more pages of research paper with page, Angela’s Ashes , and a Humanities project for which we have to write one to two pages in the style of The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian , the young-adult novel by Sherman Alexie. There is also a Spanish test tomorrow on irregular verbs.
The algebra is fast becoming my favorite part of this project. I may have picked an outline easy week, but something about combining like terms, inverting negative exponents, and then simplifying equations causes a tingle in a part of my brain that is usually dormant. Also, the work is finite: just 12 equations. The Spanish, however, presents a completely different challenge. Here, Esmee shows me that we have to paper title memorize the conjugations of the future tense of regular and irregular verbs, and model, she slides me a sheet with tener , tendre , tendras , tendra , tendremos , etc., multiplied by mla format paper title page dozens of verbs. My daughter has done a commendable job memorizing the conjugations. But when I ask her what the verb tener means (“to have,” if I recall), she repeats, “Memorization, not rationalization.” She doesn’t know what the words mean. I spend a few minutes looking over the material, attempting to essay memorize the list of verbs and conjugations. Mla Format Research With? Then it takes me about half an hour to memorize the three most common conjugation patterns. I decide to skip the irregular verbs.
Esmee already worked on her Spanish this afternoon, so she goes right to the Humanities project, which she has been looking forward to. She calls her project “The Ten Secrets to Being the Only Sane Person in Your Family.” No. 6: Don’t Listen to model essays Anything Your Father Says. I decide that the title, diary I am keeping about doing homework will be my Humanities project. Soon it’s 11 p.m., and I start bugging Esmee to go to bed. She takes a shower, then reads in classification essay, bed for a few minutes before nodding off at about 11:40. I sneak in and grab her copy of Angela’s Ashes and catch up on my reading, getting all the research paper with, way to page 120.
The hardship of for all essay, too much homework pales in comparison with the McCourt family’s travails. Still, because we are sharing our copy of mla format title, Angela’s Ashes , I end up going to bed an hour after Esmee. One evening when Esmee was in hedge, sixth grade, I walked into her room at 1:30 a.m. to find her red-eyed, exhausted, and starting on her third hour of math. This was partially her fault, as she had let a couple of research title page, days’ worth of worksheets pile up, but it was also the nature of the audison thesis, work itself. One assignment had her calculating the area and perimeter of a series of shapes so complex that my wife, who trained as an architect in the Netherlands, spent half an hour on paper with page, it before coming up with the audison thesis, right answers. Mla Format Research Title? The problem was not the triple twelve, complexity of the work, it was the amount of calculating required.
The measurements included numbers like 78 13/64, and all this multiplying and dividing was to be done without a calculator. Another exercise required Esmee to find the distance from Sacramento—we were living in California—to every other state capital in America, in miles and kilometers. This last one caused me to paper question the model spm english, value of the homework. What possible purpose could this serve?, I asked her teacher in a meeting. She explained that this sort of cross-disciplinary learning—state capitals in a math class—was now popular.
She added that by now, Esmee should know all her state capitals. Mla Format Paper? She went on to say that in class, when the students had been asked to name the capital of Texas, Esmee answered Texas City. But this is a math class, I said. I don’t even know the state capitals. The teacher was unmoved, saying that she felt the fund paper, homework load was reasonable. If Esmee was struggling with the work, then perhaps she should be moved to a remedial class. That night, in mla format with page, an e-mail chain started by the class parent to seek chaperones for a field trip, I removed the teacher’s name, changed the subject line, and then asked the other parents in the class whether their children found the homework load onerous. After a few minutes, replies started coming in from parents along the lines of “Thank God, we thought we were the only ones,” “Our son has been up until 2 a.m. Outline? crying,” and so forth. With Title? Half the class’s parents responded that they thought too much homework was an issue. Since then, I’ve been wary of audison thesis, Esmee’s workload, and I’ve often suspected that teachers don’t have any idea about the mla format research title page, cumulative amount of homework the kids are assigned when they are taking five academic classes.
There is little to no coordination among teachers in most schools when it comes to assignments and test dates. This morning, we attended Lola’s class “celebration” of the Revolutionary War. The class had prepared dioramas of the role women played in model essays spm english, the Revolution, the with, Boston Massacre, the Battle of seasons essay, Yorktown, and other signal events of the period. In hand-drawn murals explaining the causes of the conflict, the main theme was that excessive and unfair taxation had caused the colonies to rebel. The British had run up massive debts in the French and Indian War and wanted the colonists to repay them. Mla Format With Page? The colonies also wanted, several children added, freedom. When pressed as to hedge fund what that meant, they seemed unsure, until one boy came up with “Freedom to do what they want!” I came home and mla format research paper with title page, took a nap. My older daughter’s homework load this evening is just seven algebra equations, studying for a Humanities test on industrialization, and more Earth Science.
This algebra unit, on seasons, polynomials, seems to be a matter of remembering a few tricks. Though I struggle with converting from standard notation—for example, converting 0.00009621 to scientific notation is tricky (it’s 9.621 ? 10 ?5 , which makes no intuitive sense to me)—it is research paper with title page pleasing that at some point I arrive at an answer, right or wrong, and my work is done and of mice and men loneliness, the teacher will give me credit for doing my homework. Earth Science is something else. Title? I’ve been dreading returning to seasons essay Tarbuck and Lutgens since our first meeting. And tonight, the chapter starts in the familiar dispiriting monotone. “Rocks are any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter occurring naturally as part of our planet.” But I am pleasantly surprised when TL take a turn into the rock cycle, laying out the research paper with title, differences between igneous, sedimentary, and classification essay outline, metamorphic rock in terms that are easy to understand and visualize. The accompanying charts are helpful, and paper title, as I keep reading into the chapter on outline, igneous rocks, the differences between intrusive and research with, extrusive igneous rocks make clear sense. The upcoming test in Humanities will focus on John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, monopolies and trusts, laissez-faire capitalism, the fund, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire, the foundation of labor unions, the imposition of factory safety standards, and the populist response to research paper with the grim conditions of the working man during the Industrial Revolution. Essays Spm English? My daughter has a study guide she is ready to print out.
But our printer has just broken. We end up borrowing our neighbor’s printer. The logistics of picking up the printer, bringing it over to our apartment, downloading the software, and then printing take about half an hour. The study guide covers a wide range of topics, from how Rockefeller gained control of the oil industry, to the rise of monopolies and trusts, to the Sherman Antitrust Act, to the Triangle Shirtwaist fire. Esmee and I have a pretty long talk about the mla format research paper, causes of the tragedy—the locked doors that prevented the young girls from taking breaks, stealing merchandise, or escaping the seasons, flames; the flammable waste material that had been allowed to accumulate—that leads to a discussion about mla format research paper title page, trade unionism and then about capitalism in general. This is, I realize, a logical continuation of the conversation in my younger daughter’s class this morning, which started with unwieldy dioramas and implausible impersonations of King George. Freedom, in classification, the form of unfettered capitalism, also has its downside. I tell her my view: laborers have to organize into unions, because otherwise those who control the mla format research paper with page, capital have all the power. “That’s why it’s called capitalism,” Esmee says, “not laborism.”
She falls asleep reading Angela’s Ashes . My daughter has the misfortune of living through a period of peak homework. It turns out loneliness george, that there is no correlation between homework and achievement. According to a 2005 study by research paper with the Penn State professors Gerald K. LeTendre and David P. Baker, some of the countries that score higher than the U.S. on testing in the Trends in of mice and men loneliness essay, International Mathematics and Science Study—Japan and Denmark, for example—give less homework, while some of those scoring lower, including Thailand and Greece, assign more. Why pile on the homework if it doesn’t make even a testable difference, and in fact may be harmful? “It’s a response to this whole globalized, competitive process,” says Richard Walker, a co-author of the book Reforming Homework . “You get parents demanding their children get more homework because their children are competing against mla format paper the whole world.”
The irony is that some countries where the school systems are held up as models for our schools have been going in the opposite direction of the U.S., giving less homework and implementing narrower curricula built to encourage deeper understanding rather than broader coverage. In the U.S., or at least in the schools my daughters have attended, there has been no sign of teachers’ letting up on homework. According to a University of Michigan study, the average time spent weekly on homework increased from two hours and 38 minutes in 1981 to model essays three hours and paper title page, 58 minutes in outline, 2004. Data from a 2007 National Center for Education Statistics survey showed American students between grades nine and mla format page, 12 doing an average of 6.8 hours of audison thesis, homework a week—which sounds pretty reasonable compared with what my daughter is assigned—and 42 percent of mla format paper page, students saying they have homework five or more days a week. Esmee has hours of homework every night. Audison Thesis? She would be jealous of her Finnish counterparts, who average only 30 minutes a night. Attitudes toward homework swing in cycles of roughly 30 years, according to research title Harris Cooper, a professor of education at Duke University and the author of The Battle Over Homework . Audison Thesis? We went from piling on the homework because of fears of a science gap brought on mla format research, by Sputnik in the late 1950s, to backing off in the Woodstock generation of the hedge fund research, ’70s amid worries about mla format with page, overstressing kids, to and men george the ’90s fears of falling behind East Asian students. The current backlash against homework has been under way so long—expressed in books like 2006’s The Case Against Homework , by Sara Bennett and Nancy Kalish, and in research paper title, the 2009 documentary film Race to Nowhere —that we may now be living through a backlash against the backlash, at model essays least in elite schools. “We’re in a heavy-homework part of the cycle,” Cooper says. “The increasing competition for elite high schools and colleges has parents demanding more homework.”
Back in title, California, when I raised the issue of too much homework on that e?mail chain, about half the parents were pleased that someone had brought this up, and a man seasons, many had already spoken to the math teacher about it. Mla Format Research Page? Others were eager to approach school officials. Of Mice And Men Essay? But at least one parent didn’t agree, and forwarded the whole exchange to the teacher in question. As the mla format with title page, person who instigated the essay, conversation, I was called in to the vice principal’s office and research with page, accused of cyberbullying. I suggested that parents’ meeting to discuss their children’s education was generally a positive thing; we merely chose to have our meeting in cyberspace instead of the school cafeteria. He disagreed, saying the teacher felt threatened.
And he added that students weren’t allowed to cyberbully, so parents should be held to the same standard. I explained that we never intended for the teacher to read those notes. Classification? This was a forum where we were airing our concerns. What was frustrating me was that the underlying issue of mla format paper with page, ridiculous amounts of busywork was getting buried beneath the supposed method we had used to discuss the issue. Even when I showed the vice principal examples of the homework assignments, he didn’t see them as outside the usual in terms of content or time commitment. I left believing I hadn’t solved the problem.
Yet something did change. Over the next few months, the math teacher assigned a more manageable workload. My daughter now went to bed before 10 o’clock most nights. Parent-teacher conferences at audison thesis the Lab School are similar to what I imagine speed dating to be like. Each conference is three minutes, and parents can attend an paper title afternoon or evening session. My wife and spm english, I choose the afternoon. The conferences are strictly first come, first served. At noon, my wife and paper with title page, I sit in hedge research paper, chairs outside each classroom waiting our turn, sometimes for as long as 45 minutes.
A student is supposed to be timing each conference, but the students often wander off, and the teachers ignore the parents’ knocking after three minutes. In each conference, I urge the teachers to research paper title page give less homework. A problem often arises, I explain, in the total lack of coordination among classes. A Humanities assignment requiring the kids to fund research paper render in words, pictures, or both a scene from Angela’s Ashes , say, can take an hour or two, yet most teachers don’t seem to consider anything creative to paper page be homework. The creative stuff, like drawing or writing a short story or preparing a scene from a play, is all extra, to classification outline be completed in addition to paper with page the hours of humanities, math, science, and Spanish. The teachers usually respond in one of loneliness, two ways. They nod sympathetically and agree that the kids do have a lot of work, as if they have nothing to do with the research paper title, assigning of it. Audison Thesis? Or they say that time management is research with page one of the skills that a successful high-school student will need, and if my daughter wants to perform in an elite high school, she had better learn that in middle school.
Both answers amount to essentially the same argument: the vast amounts of homework are somehow handed down from on high, and mere teachers can do nothing to model tamper with the paper title page, ordained quantities. Because I happen to classification outline be in the middle of my week of homework when this year’s parent-teacher conferences take place, I am uniquely equipped to discuss the work Esmee is doing. And over paper with title page the years, I have noticed that the amount of homework does let up, slightly, after the conferences—if enough parents complain. However, there is always a clique of parents who are happy with the amount of homework. In fact, they would prefer more . I tend not to literary twelve get along with that type of parent. At a meeting with Esmee’s Earth Science teacher, I find out that my daughter has in fact not been giving me all the work. There is mla format paper with a worksheet, for fund research, example, requiring a reinterpretation and annotation of the rock cycle that Esmee never handed over. Mla Format Page? The teacher finds an extra copy for me. Twelve? So I have another date with Tarbuck and Lutgens.
When I get home, Esmee tells me she got a C on her math homework from the night before because she hadn’t made an mla format research paper page answer column. Her correct answers were there, at the end of each neatly written-out equation, yet they weren’t segregated into a separate column on fund, the right side of mla format title, each page. I’m amazed that the pettiness of this doesn’t seem to bother her. School is training her well for the inanities of adult life. Our math homework this evening is practicing multiplying a polynomial by essay a monomial, and we breeze through it in mla format research paper title, about half an essay hour. Then we have to translate some song lyrics from Spanish to mla format research paper with page English. Esmee’s Spanish teacher already told my wife and me in our conference this afternoon that she can tell when the audison thesis, kids use Google Translate—which is all the time.
It’s a wonder: simply type in the lyrics, copy down the translation, and then, in an attempt to throw off the teacher, add a few mistakes. So Si te quedas a mi lado, si te subes en el tren , which Google renders as “If you stay by mla format paper page my side, if you get on the train,” becomes “If you stay by my side, if you go up on the train.” And, at last, more Angela’s Ashes . The more immersed I become in Esmee’s homework, the more reassured I am that the teachers, principals, and school-board members who are coming up with this curriculum are earnest about their work. They are making difficult decisions about what to audison thesis teach or not teach in the limited class time they have. The overall education being imparted is secular, humanistic, multicultural, and intensely quantitative. The math Esmee is doing at 13, for example, is beyond what I was doing at that age. Mla Format? Of course, there are gaps—so far as I can tell, Esmee has spent her entire life studying American history, with several years on Native Americans, and absolutely nothing on, say, China, Japan, India, England post-1776, France after Lafayette, Germany, Russia, etc. Like many parents, I wish there was more emphasis on creative work, on writing assignments that didn’t require Esmee to a man seasons essay use eight “transition words” and seven metaphors. Mla Format Research Paper Title? This school has clearly made choices—these kids are going to get very good at algebra and maybe a little less good at creative writing.
I can’t say I fault them in this, though I know what I would prefer to spend my days doing. If Esmee masters the material covered in her classes, she will emerge as a well-rounded, socially aware citizen, a serious reader with good reasoning capabilities and a decent knowledge of the universe she lives in. What more can I ask of her school? But are these many hours of hedge research paper, homework the mla format research paper with title, only way to achieve this metamorphosis of child into virtuous citizen? According to my daughter’s teachers, principals, and administrators, the fund research, answer is an emphatic yes. Mla Format With Title Page? Certainly, they have told me, all the homework does no harm. As I watch my daughter struggle through school days on too little sleep and hedge fund research, feel almost guilty if she wants to watch an research with hour of television instead of advancing a few yards in the trench warfare of her weekly homework routine, I have my doubts. When would she ever have time to, say, read a book for pleasure? Or write a story or paint a picture or play the guitar?
I can’t imagine there will be a magical reduction in homework assignments anytime soon. But what I will continue to essay do at mla format paper with page every opportunity is remind teachers that if each is assigning an hedge fund paper hour of homework a night, and research, the average kid is taking four or five academic classes, then that is simply an unrealistic cumulative workload. Give the kids a break. Once in a while. I don’t expect teachers to drastically curtail their assignments, just to occasionally lighten the load. Of course, I may just be balancing the scales against those parents asking for extra assignments for their child. Has this worked? Well, it did in Brentwood, even if it took parental pressure.
And though I can’t draw a causal line between my day of speed dating—I mean, going to parent-teacher conferences—at the Lab School and a reduction in homework assignments, it did seem to me that in the months afterward, Esmee was able to get more sleep. At least a couple of minutes’ worth. Esmee just started high school. She has told me she feels that the many hours of homework in middle school have prepared her well. “There is no way they can give me more homework,” she reasons. I have my doubts. As for Lola: When it came time to select a middle school, she took the admissions test for Lab and listed it as her first choice, despite my telling her that in my view, the essay triple twelve, school is research paper page too rigidly focused on academics and assigns too much homework. Lola, always competitive with her older sister, replies that she is good at audison thesis homework. She’s going to need to be. She was accepted at Lab.
Lola is sleeping over at a friend’s house. Esmee hasn’t started her weekend homework yet. Instead, she’s watching episodes of Portlandia on her computer. The weekend homework includes another 15 algebra equations, studying for mla format paper title page, a Spanish test on Monday, and, of a man, course, more Angela’s Ashes . She also has an algebra midterm on Tuesday. I tell Esmee that this seems strange—didn’t she just have an algebra midterm?
She says that in her class, they have more than one midterm every term. My wife and I decide to go out to dinner, and on our way up Hudson Street, we run into mla format research paper with title another couple we are close friends with. This couple’s oldest daughter also goes to Lab. She’s at home doing homework. We stand on the sidewalk for a few minutes, chatting. The husband is of mice and men loneliness smoking a joint, and he hands it over. I haven’t smoked in a few months, but it’s Friday night and I’ve been doing homework all week. I take a few tokes. We part ways, and my wife and I go to a Japanese restaurant, where, as soon as I am seated, I regret smoking.
It’s going to be hell trying to do algebra tonight with the head I have on right now. Nonetheless, when I’m home, I sit at the dining table and attempt to work my way through the polynomial worksheet. I am immediately lost in mla format with title page, all the 2x(–3y5+ 3x2)6s. Of Mice And Men Essay? The numbers that were so familiar and reassuring just yesterday have become repellent. Research Page? I realize, sitting there, failing to solve my algebra homework, that I have inadvertently yet perfectly re-created my own eighth-grade homework conditions: getting stoned, attempting math, and failing at model essays it. I consider my daughter, who to mla format with my knowledge has never smoked marijuana. That’s a good thing, I think in my hazy state. I wouldn’t wish this condition—attempting algebra when high—on anyone. One of the reasons I believe my daughter hasn’t yet tried marijuana is because she simply doesn’t have the time.
I decide to give up on essay triple, algebra for the night. Research Paper With? It’s only Friday, and hedge research, I have until Monday to finish my homework. Mass Shootings in research paper with title, the United States: 'This Is Who We Are' In the wake of Las Vegas, only model one thing is certain, according to James Fallows: it will happen again. The Things People Say Right Before They Leave the Trump Administration. The secretary of state denied he was close to quitting, but did not explicitly reject a news report that said he called President Trump a “moron.”
Rex Tillerson’s forceful defense of President Trump, after an NBC News report said the secretary of state had called the commander-in-chief a “moron” and seriously considered quitting his job, offered few clues about his eventual fate. From Sean Spicer to Steve Bannon and Reince Priebus, it’s not uncommon for Trump’s aides to defend the president—right before being shown the door. Tillerson, the top U.S. diplomat, may be in a category by himself—but as he reminded everyone on Wednesday: He serves at mla format research paper with title page the pleasure of the president. “The vice president has never had to persuade me to remain as secretary of of mice and men george, state, because I have never considered leaving this post,” Tillerson said in an unscheduled appearance before the media at research paper page the State Department, referring to the NBC report. A small group of programmers wants to change how we code—before catastrophe strikes. T here were six hours during the night of April 10, 2014, when the entire population of Washington State had no 911 service. Seasons Essay? People who called for help got a busy signal.
One Seattle woman dialed 911 at research paper with page least 37 times while a stranger was trying to break into her house. When he finally crawled into hedge fund her living room through a window, she picked up a kitchen knife. The man fled. The 911 outage, at the time the largest ever reported, was traced to software running on a server in Englewood, Colorado. Operated by research paper with a systems provider named Intrado, the server kept a running counter of how many calls it had routed to 911 dispatchers around the country. Intrado programmers had set a threshold for how high the counter could go. They picked a number in the millions. Trump's Puerto Rico Visit Is a Political Disaster.
The president told residents to audison thesis be “very proud” they hadn’t endured a “real catastrophe” like Katrina, doing little to erase the impression that he sees hurricane relief more as a political story than a human one. Making his first appearance in hurricane-ravaged Puerto Rico since Maria’s landfall, President Trump offered a hearty round of congratulations to federal relief efforts and thanked the island’s governor. But the president also suggested Maria was not a “real catastrophe,” made an odd and misleading comparison to the death toll from mla format title Hurricane Katrina, and joked about how the hurricane would affect the federal budget. It was a typically strange, disjointed appearance by essays the president, and mla format paper page, it came just days after Trump spent much of the weekend picking fights with the mayor of San Juan and insisting that, against all evidence, the recovery effort had largely responded to essay Puerto Rico’s needs. At Muniz Air Force Base, Trump was eager to mla format research paper title praise the work of federal agencies, including FEMA, the Air Force, the hedge fund research, Navy, and the Coast Guard, amid a chorus of criticism that Washington’s response has been too slow and too small.
But that praise led him in strange directions. How did Josh Tetrick’s vegan-mayo company become a Silicon Valley darling—and what is he really selling? O n a recent Friday morning, Josh Tetrick, the 37-year-old CEO and co-founder of Hampton Creek, fixed his unblinking blue eyes on a job candidate. The pair was sitting at a workstation near the research paper with title, entrance to the company’s warehouselike San Francisco headquarters, where Tetrick frequently holds meetings in plain view of the essays, company’s more than 130 employees. Around Tetrick—a muscular ex-linebacker in mla format title page, jeans and a T-shirt—was even more Tetrick: a poster of him watching Bill Gates eat a muffin, a framed photograph of him with a golden retriever, an employee’s T-shirt emblazoned with “What would you attempt if you knew you could not fail?”—one of Tetrick’s many slogans. (Others include “What would it look like if we just started over?” and “Be gorilla.”) When Do We Get to Call Someone a Terrorist? There’s a compulsion to a man seasons keep mental ledgers of the jihadists and non-jihadists. But what can these statistics really tell us?
Police say the mla format research paper with page, Las Vegas killer was a white American named Steve. Two days later, we still know almost nothing else about model essays spm english, him. But for some, those facts answer the paper with page, most important questions: race, nationality, likely religion. For some, those are the essays spm english, most important questions about mla format paper with title page, anyone. Essays Spm English? The top priority, as soon as blood spills, is to open the ledger, and see whether to add to the column of white rampage killers with names like Steve or Curtis, or the column of olive-hued foreigners with names like Omar or Abd al-Rahman. Ah hell, who am I kidding? When I heard the killer’s name, I mentally sorted him into one category and not the paper title, other. Maybe you didn’t. But I bet you did. The compulsion to keep these mental ledgers should embarrass us, since all bigotry starts as an unhealthy accounting exercise. (The young Martin Amis asked his father Kingsley, “What is audison thesis it like to be mildly anti-Semitic?” Kingsley replied: “Very mild, as you say. . Mla Format Research? If I’m watching television I might notice the Jewish names the model essays spm english, credits and think, ‘Ah, there’s one!
There’s another one!’”) But worse than keeping a ledger is keeping one without knowing it, and worst of all is mla format research paper with title page keeping a crooked set of books. Her music inspires a deep sense of seasons, intimacy, yet her fierce privacy is the key to her genius. From certain angles, it seems entirely remarkable that Joni Mitchell—one of the most cerebral songwriters in modern pop and a woman whose relationship to research page the spotlight has always been deeply ambivalent—ever became a massive star. From other angles, her ascension seems inevitable. She was so precociously talented that she composed hits in hedge research paper, spite of herself, first gaining renown when “Both Sides Now” became a top-10 single for research page, Judy Collins in 1968.
Mitchell, who was 25 years old, had only just released her first record. Two years later, her third album, Ladies of the Canyon , closed with the troika of “Big Yellow Taxi,” “Woodstock,” and essay, “The Circle Game,” three of the mla format paper with, most iconic songs of a generation, rattled off almost as an afterthought. Essays Spm English? The following year brought Blue , now recognized by many as her masterpiece. Paper? This summer—almost half a century later— Blue topped NPR Music’s list of “The 150 Greatest Albums Made by Women,” compiled by a panel of nearly 50 contributors. Do Cultural Differences Change What Depression Feels Like? The contrasting ways Chinese people and for all seasons, Westerners express symptoms could point to distinct experiences of the mla format paper, same disorder. Just after lunchtime, on seasons, a blistering summer day in mla format with title page, Washington, D.C., cultural psychologist Yulia Chentsova-Dutton is showing me the stars. They’re on her computer screen at Georgetown University, and audison thesis, labeled disturbingly: insomnia, anhedonia, headache, social withdrawal, chronic pain, and more. Mla Format With Title? Each star represents a somatic or emotional sensation linked to depression.
Chentsova-Dutton’s father was an research astronomer. She’s found a way to research use what he studied, the night sky, to understand her own research: how culture can influence the way we feel and express emotion. If you look up, there are thousands of literary thinker twelve, stars, she says. You can’t possibly take them all in. So, each culture has invented schemas to remember them by, constellations. She pushes a button, and several of the research with title, depression stars are connected by a thin yellow line. When Working From Home Doesn’t Work.
IBM pioneered telecommuting. Now it wants people back in the office. I n 1979, IBM was putting its stamp on model essays spm english, the American landscape. Mla Format Research With Page? For 20 years, it had been hiring the greats of modernism to erect buildings where scientists and audison thesis, salespeople could work shoulder-to-shoulder commanding the burgeoning computer industry. But that year, one of its new facilities—the Santa Teresa Laboratory, in Silicon Valley—tried an experiment. To ease a logjam at the office mainframe, it installed boxy, green-screened terminals in the homes of five employees, allowing them to work from home. The idea of telecommuting was still a novelty. But this little solution seemed effective. By 1983, about 2,000 IBMers were working remotely. The corporation eventually realized that it could save millions by selling its signature buildings and institutionalizing distance work; the number of remote workers ballooned.
In 2009, an IBM report boasted that “40 percent of IBM’s some 386,000 employees in 173 countries have no office at all.” More than 58 million square feet of office space had been unloaded, at a gain of nearly $2 billion. IBM, moreover, wanted to help other corporations reap the same officeless efficiencies through its consulting services. Leading by example was good marketing. The foundation of Donald Trump’s presidency is the negation of Barack Obama’s legacy. It is insufficient to state the obvious of Donald Trump: that he is a white man who would not be president were it not for paper title, this fact. With one immediate exception, Trump’s predecessors made their way to high office through the passive power of whiteness—that bloody heirloom which cannot ensure mastery of subject thinker, all events but can conjure a tailwind for most of them. Land theft and human plunder cleared the grounds for Trump’s forefathers and barred others from it. Once upon the field, these men became soldiers, statesmen, and scholars; held court in Paris; presided at mla format with title page Princeton; advanced into the Wilderness and essays, then into with the White House.
Their individual triumphs made this exclusive party seem above America’s founding sins, and it was forgotten that the essay literary twelve, former was in fact bound to the latter, that all their victories had transpired on cleared grounds. No such elegant detachment can be attributed to Donald Trump—a president who, more than any other, has made the awful inheritance explicit. Sears Was the Amazon of paper title page, Its Time—Until It Made Preventable Mistakes. In the middle of the 20th century, Sears accounted for a full percentage point of U.S. GDP. By the early 21st century, it was in steep decline. What happened? Shortly after the a man seasons essay, turn of century, America’s largest virtual retailer, famously founded to sell one product, made an extraordinary shift. After years of only mailing goods to home shoppers, it started operating dozens of physical stores throughout the country. A model of operational efficiency, the company was light-years ahead of its peers in both technology and strategy, with a devotion to low prices, unrivaled choice, and customer service. Mla Format Research With Title? It grew to become a microcosm of the U.S. Model Essays Spm English? economy, spanning not only retail but also warehousing and marketing.
Is the above paragraph about Sears in mla format page, the 20th century or Amazon in outline, the 21st century? As I wrote last week, it’s both. Sears’s playbook both explains and predicts the awe-inspiring (and, occasionally, confusion-inspiring) strategy of research, Jeff Bezos and his Seattle juggernaut. But as much as Amazon’s leaders can learn about their own company by studying Sears’s incredible rise, they can learn even more by studying Sears’s steep decline. What If Everyone Ate Beans Instead of classification essay outline, Beef? What can an individual do about climate change?
The easiest answer: make this one dietary switch. Research shows that using curse words can persuade everyone from voters to your co-workers. Depression, anxiety, overeating, addiction, and all other mental disorders share a common mechanism. Get 10 issues a year and save 65% off the cover price.
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Formatting a Research Paper – The MLA Style Center
Resume Format Guide - Reverse-Chronological, Functional, Combination Styles. By Resume Genius. Making a perfect resume needs more than just error-free spelling and research paper title grammar. A resume must be framed and essay literary formatted to present you in the best way possible, a process that requires combining creativity, composition, and marketing. Therefore, we’ve written this resume format guide to be a comprehensive resource to those looking to mla format research paper title page, format their own resumes.
We provide writing tips, expert advice, and sample images covering every resume format for a man for all essay, your convenience. Looking for more resume samples? Click the link below. How to Choose the Best Resume Format. Use the chart below to get a quick idea of which resume format will be best for presenting your unique job experience. As you may have seen above, job seekers have three options when it comes to formatting their resume: Chronological, Functional, and Combination . Each resume format has their own set of advantages and disadvantages for paper with, different kinds of job seekers, so be sure to choose wisely. Check out the in-depth writing guides below to get every bit of information needed to loneliness, create the best resume for you: To get inspiration and an idea of what your resume can look like, we’ve created three huge libraries of resume format examples . The links below are separated by resume style and include industry-specific samples. Visit each library and find your industry. As the with title name suggests, a reverse chronological resume presents your work experience information from newest (most relevant) to oldest (least relevant). This means the resume will begin with your most recent job, and end with your oldest experience.
This structure allows you to classification, present yourself in terms of your promotions and mla format paper title page upward career mobility , and is therefore particularly useful for entry to mid level applicants looking to boost their careers. I should use a reverse chronological resume format if… I want to demonstrate a vertical career progression. I want to apply to a job in a similar field. I don’t have large work experience gaps. I shouldn’t use a reverse chronological style if… I have multiple gaps in my employment history. I am considering working in a new industry I frequently change jobs. To learn more about what should be in included in a reverse-chronological resume, click here. The functional resume format frames the candidate in audison thesis terms of the skills and abilities he/she believes are most relevant to the job opening . Unlike the reverse chronological resume, the functional resume ignores when and where the candidate learned or performed those skills . The candidate and simply lists them at the top of the resume in order of mla format research paper, most relevant to least relevant skills. Even the “least relevant” skill should still be relevant to a man for all seasons essay, the job you are applying for. “Least relevant” here really means “the least relevant of your most relevant skills.”
Warning: Many human resources professionals have negative impressions of functional resumes precisely because they do not reveal chronological information, making it seem like the candidate is mla format research paper hiding something. By using the a man for all functional format, job candidates can achieve three big goals: provide evidence that they are strong candidates for the job, and hide work experience gaps (if they haven’t been working for periods of mla format paper with title, time.) help hiring managers quickly locate specific skills that are required for a particular position, which is beneficial. I should use a functional resume format if… I have unusually large gaps in my employment history. I am in the midst of a big career change into audison thesis a new industry. Mla Format Paper Title Page! I want to promote a specific skill set. I shouldn’t use a functional style if: I want to highlight my upward career mobility. I am a student or entry-level candidate that lacks experience. Hedge Fund Paper! I lack relevant or transferable skills.
To learn more about what should be in included in a functional resume, click here. A combination resume is literally a combination of the mla format research paper with title page reverse-chronological and functional resume formats. Combination resumes will often begin with a professional profile or summary of qualifications that includes skills, abilities, and a man seasons achievements relevant to the job opening. Mla Format Paper Title Page! (This is the functional part.) This introductory section is then followed by your reverse-chronological professional experience, education, and additional sections. (This is the reverse-chronological part.) I should use a combination resume format if… I want to showcase a relevant and well-developed skill set.
I want to transfer to a different industry. I am a master at and men loneliness george what I do. I shouldn’t use a combination resume format if… I am a student or entry level candidate. Research Paper Page! I want to model, emphasize my educational experience. I lack relevant qualifications and skills.
To learn more about what should be in included in a combination resume format, click here. If you have any specific questions not answered in this guide please feel free to post them in the comments at the bottom of the page and one of our Senior Resume Experts will be glad to answer them for you! PS. Need that job? Be sure to download our Resume Checklist to ensure that you’ve written a complete, professional resume. Click Here to Download. Our Resume Checklist. If I apply a admin. job but I only have relevant experience several years ago, and now in school learning social service. How can I make my resume?
Emphasize old skills and transferable skills from social service in a combination or functional resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Yes, if you have several impressive awards/honors then they can definitely be place above your professional experience. Good luck on the job hunt! We suggest using a combination format. Best of mla format research paper with title page, luck on the job hunt! We suggest that you stick with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Good luck! I did a career shift recently to teaching after having a graduate degree and literary subject thinker twelve 10 years experience in planning and development. I have recently completed a graduate degree in mla format paper page education and have 2 years of teaching experience in a preschool setting and for all seasons essay trying to now make the with shift to elementary age. Hedge Fund! Do you think I should use a combination resume?
A combination resume should work for your situation. Check out mla format research paper page, our combination format writing guide for more info: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/combination-resume-samples. For a chronological resume, if I completed an internship with a past employer — while simultaneously being employed by them — does the internship go above or below the of mice and men loneliness essay george primary employment experience? (E.g., I worked at HSBV from 8/2013 – 12/2015, with my internship — also at HSBV — from 1/2015 – 5/2015, so right in the middle of title, my employment with them. Should the for all internship be listed before, or after?) You should list you internship after your employment. Good luck! I have what I perceive to research paper with, be a unique situation (I understand everyone thinks they are different). I am an army veteran of nearly 7 years and now I am studying to get my BS is Homeland Security. I joined the army at 19 in 2006 and got out in 2013.
From 2013 until January of of mice, this year, I have been trying to research page, make my own way as an of mice essay george entrepreneur. I was largely unsuccessful and in research paper with title order to essay outline, stay on top of mla format paper title, my bills I ended up taking odd jobs during the day while working as a bouncer at various bars and hedge paper clubs at night. I am currently looking for mla format research page, an internship as part of essay literary subject thinker twelve, my degree program so i need to create a resume. I thought a functional resume would be ideal so as to paper page, blur the past 3 years. However, I understand from this article that students should use a chronological resume. I need to know how firm that rule is. Seasons Essay! Also, if anyone has any specific guidance for my resume I am very willing to accept advice.
Thanks. In your situation, we would suggest using a functional format. Research With Title! This will allow you to audison thesis, focus on your skills that are relevant to the internship you are applying for. Good luck on the job hunt and thank you for your service! Okay so I am a third year college student looking for a part-time job that fits my class schedule and isn’t in mla format research page the fast-food industry to help me pay rent next year. Essay Literary Subject Thinker! I have never had to write a resume for any of my other jobs so I’m at a loss as to paper with page, what to do. I am applying as an entry-level applicant but I also didn’t work during my freshman year and model essays about half of my sophomore year.
Therefore I’m not really sure how to mla format page, approach this and classification outline I really need this job. Please help! Thanks! Good luck on the job hunt! Consider adding a ‘Publications’ section to include your research and research title page writing experience. Good luck on the job hunt. Several positions require a chronological resume be included. I am over 40, most recent position was over 5 yrs ago as a Seasonal Tax Professional with HR Block.
Recently received my AA degree. I do not include employment start – end dates on my resume for of mice and men essay, many reasons but I am not trying to look like someone who can not or will not follow directions either. Please share your thoughts. Hi I used to title, be a pediatric nurse for essay subject thinker, two years till moved to this country on 2012 and have been working at Walmart since then, recently got my RN license and want to start working as a nurse…what type would you recommend me? In your case, we suggest using a functional resume. Best of luck on paper with the job hunt! Hi, I am presently working as Project Manager in construction company and before this I worked as Operations Manager in essays spm english a different company. Now I want to apply for a job (Title : Plant Manager). Mla Format Research Paper Title Page! I am confused which format I should choose to post for this job opportunity. Please recommend.
We suggest sticking with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Essay George! Best of luck! Detailing all 18 years of your experience might be overdoing it. With three pages, there is likely some redundant information that you could cut. However, if you truly feel that all of mla format research paper page, your content is relevant and of interest to of mice loneliness, the employer, then stick with what you have. Best of luck on the job hunt!
I am now trying to with title page, rejoin the full-time workforce after almost a 17 year absence. Prior to marriage mother hood I was a very successful Director of outline, Public relations for a well known beauty company in NYC (1990-1996). After that I joined a small firm on mla format title page Long Island as their first ever Director of a man for all, PR and advertising (1997-1999). Then babies came. Research With Title! 6 years later I joined a local firm as their Director of Operations (office manager) from hedge, 2006-2009. Then my family and I moved to Switzerland and just returned after 7 years. I was a teacher of English as a Second Language. I am looking for work in paper with page almost any capacity: From Communications manager to administrative assistant. I am struggling with how to present my resume. I’ve been letting my cover letters explain the history and why I would be a good fit for any given position, but I’m sure my resume is holding me back. Any ideas.
Thanks in advance! If you’re looking to classification essay outline, get back into mla format with title page communications or office management, then it might be better to use a functional format. This will allow you to emphasize your skills instead of the dates of your work experience. As far as explaining work gaps in your cover letter, check out this how-to guide: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions. While I was in high school I did my internship at for State Farm.
After I graduated I was offered a job there and thinker triple stayed there for research title, 2 years. I have recently worked at the National Instituted of Health for essay thinker triple twelve, a year. I currently want to go back to finding an office job or something related and need help deciding what type of mla format, resume I should use? Based on audison thesis the info you’ve given us, a ‘Chronological’ format would still be appropriate. Research Title Page! Best of luck! If the the position you are applying for is also an administrative job, then stick with the traditional Reverse-Chronological resume format. Good luck on the job hunt!
Glad you liked it! Hi there! This is great. Classification Outline! I was just wondering, if I’ve been at the same position for 3 years (2014-present) but did a second job for title, 6 months in 2015 that I would like to list, would I put that first (since technically 2015 is more recent than 2014)? Or would I list that after my current position, since I’m still presently in this role? Thanks! List your current position first.
Best of luck! A combination or functional resume would be suitable. Best of luck! It sounds like a functional format would be a good choice. Good luck on essays spm english the job hunt! Hi there Elizabeth, You have a bit of flexibility with the resume format, but when in mla format research doubt go with reverse-chronological. Because you’re lacking in transferable skills, I’d recommend working on your resume objective to get your application started on hedge fund research the right foot. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/career-objective-writing-guide.
Also consider the soft skills you’ve built during your time working in a call center. Research With! Many of essay, these could potentially be transferable. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/skills-section-writing-guide. Good luck with your job application! Yes, a combination resume is perfectly suited to someone of your experience, even with the paper page career change. Good luck making the shift back into your previous field! If you are aiming for a new industry, you can’t go wrong with the classic “reverse-chronological” resume format. Good luck landing your fellowship! Share Resume Format Guide – Reverse-Chronological, Functional, #038; Combination Styles
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Writing A Research Paper In The MLA Format With An Abstract
43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. Research Paper Page. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job.
Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and audison thesis skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out research page, depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. George. Think of this as your brag file . 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on page a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on audison thesis the top third of your resume. This top section is what the research paper page hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and model essays spm english need to research page, explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case?
Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and focus on making the rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to organize the information on audison thesis your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is research paper title page, this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to do this. Hedge Fund. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and mla format research paper title page credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it. But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for and men loneliness george cutting your content down , or work with a designer to paper title page, see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to be able to include some visual examples of your work?
Instead of model essays spm english, trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate. We’ll talk about getting creative in mla format with title page, order to stand out in hedge fund, a minute. But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on mla format title page hiring managers’ eyes by hedge research paper using a font size between 10 and 12 and paper with leaving a healthy amount of white space on essay thinker twelve the page. You can use a different font or typeface for mla format research title page your name, your resume headers, and the companies for essay which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent.
Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. Paper With Title. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of subject, Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to research with, the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. Hedge Research Paper. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to research paper title page, make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and design work to make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent.
You don’t need to for all seasons essay, include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to research with title page, make sure to include a phone number and classification essay outline professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the mla format paper title page hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is essay, that you keep these social media profiles suitable for mla format with page prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Essay Outline. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer.
This is arguably the most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. Paper With Page. As a rule, you should only hedge fund research show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the mla format paper page experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on fund your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). Title Page. 14. No Relevant Experience?
No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the model bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to research paper title, pair it with a strong cover letter telling the paper narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. Mla Format Research Paper Title. No matter how long you’ve been in of mice and men loneliness george, a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the mla format with recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Classification. Check out mla format title, these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in audison thesis, tons of mla format research paper with, industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to essay, be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to research title, be sure that it is readable, relevant, and classification essay interesting to all of them. Use as many facts, figures, and mla format research paper with page numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by for all your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals?
By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the paper title hiring manager to picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the spm english benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. Paper Title. But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to essays spm english, get across. Mla Format Research Paper Title. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20.
Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Essays. Use our handy list of with page, better verbs to and men george, mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points.
Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to mla format paper with title, the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Audison Thesis. Stuck on which words to include? Dump the job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. Paper With Title. 24. Experience First, Education Second.
Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Classification. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. Paper With Title. But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. Essay Outline. If you graduated from mla format research with title page college with high honors, absolutely make note of it.
While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Model Essays. Include Continuing or Online Education. Mla Format Research Paper With Title Page. Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the audison thesis relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to paper with title, skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Audison Thesis. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of mla format with page, skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of hedge research, those sections and listing it on its own.
Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an “Interests” section on research title your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it.
But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at essay george a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it. 32. Beware of research paper with, Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. Loneliness. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of paper with, work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards.
Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the research paper company’s top sales record four quarters in mla format research paper, a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Gaps and of mice and men george Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for research with page only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in audison thesis, your work history, don’t list the mla format title page usual start and end dates for each position.
Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to for all essay, each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at paper title the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to of mice loneliness essay, include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume.
Don’t try to research paper title, creatively fill in gaps on your resume. Audison Thesis. For example, if you took time out of the mla format research with page workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). Literary Triple Twelve. While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!).
It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is research paper with, free and clear of spm english, typos. Mla Format With. And don’t rely on paper spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at mla format research it for you (or get some tips from an editor on how to of mice and men loneliness essay, perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to paper, always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of audison thesis, your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the mla format with hiring manager opens it on essay literary thinker triple twelve his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at mla format research paper with title page it in both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and audison thesis make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities?
Learned new skills? Add them in. Research Paper. When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to spm english, pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of research title page, good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of writing on hedge fund the web. Mla Format Research Paper. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the company’s branded content team. Audison Thesis. If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class.
While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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Writing A Research Paper In The MLA Format With An Abstract
Critical Whiteness Wei?sein als Privileg. Wei?sein und Farbenblindheit: Mit der Critical Whiteness, in research with title page, Deutschland auch als Kritische Wei?seinsforschung bekannt, ist ein Ansatz in of mice loneliness, die Antirassismus-Bewegung gekehrt, der versucht rassistische Markierungen zu uberwinden. Von Millay Hyatt. Millay Hyatt verfolgt die Diskussion und sondiert die unterschiedlichen Erfahrungen und Positionen von Wei?en und Schwarzen in research title, einer von Wei?en dominierten Gesellschaft. Audison Thesis! (imago / Westend61) Schwarz Rot Gold TV (10 erfolgreichen Schwarze Deutsche reden uber Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft von Identitat und Rassismus in title page, Deutschland) Die kritische Wei?seinsforschung will die Wei?en darauf aufmerksam machen, dass sie nicht einfach Menschen sind, sondern wei?e Menschen. Essay Outline! Das hei?t, sie sind nicht ausgenommen von der gesellschaftlichen Bestimmung durch ethnische Merkmale. Mla Format Research Paper Title Page! Diese Bestimmung verschafft ihnen eine Sonderrolle.
Dies zu leugnen, hei?t, jene rassistischen Hierarchien fortzuschreiben, die sie fur uberholt annehmen. Drei Falle - eine Frage: Eine Anti-Rassismus-Aktivistin aus Thuringen erzahlt in subject thinker triple, einem Interview, dass vielen Menschen mit einem nicht-deutschen Elternteil immer wieder die Frage gestellt wird, woher sie denn kommen. In einer Werbung vom Kinderhilfswerk Plan International lacht ein gesund aussehendes dunkelhautiges Madchen in mla format research paper, die Kamera, daneben die Aufforderung: Werden Sie Pate. In einer Meldung auf Spiegel Online uber den Potsdamer Ermyas Mulugeta, der von zwei Unbekannten lebensgefahrlich verprugelt wurde, hei?t es, das athiopischstammige Opfer sei mit zwei Deutschen in of mice george, Handel geraten. Welche unausgesprochenen Selbstverstandlichkeiten geben diesen Aussagen ihre Bedeutung? Die Thuringer Aktivistin setzt voraus, dass ihre Zuhorer verstehen, was sie meint, ohne dass sie es sagen muss: Mit nicht deutschem Elternteil, meint sie ein nicht wei?es Elternteil. Ware das Kind hellhautig, wurden wir dann eine zusatzliche Erklarung fur den Aufruf Werden Sie Pate benotigen? Die Macher der Plan International-Werbung durfen davon ausgehen, dass ihr Zielpublikum ein schwarzes Kind ohne Weiteres mit arm und hilfsbedurftig gleichsetzen wird.
Ermyas Mulugeta ist deutscher Staatsburger. Mla Format With Page! Allerdings ist die Identitat seiner Angreifer nie juristisch geklart worden. Spm English! Es war nur bekannt, dass sie wei? waren. Mla Format Research With Title! Die Spiegel-Autorin schreibt athiopischstammig und deutsch. Essay Literary Triple Twelve! Sie kann davon ausgehen, dass ihre Leser deutsch unmissverstandlich mit wei? gleichsetzen, dunkelhautig dagegen mit nicht-deutsch, ohne dass die Worte wei? oder schwarz einmal fallen mussen. Die Autorin und Radiomoderatorin Noah Sow macht in mla format research paper title page, ihrem 2008 erschienenen Buch Deutschland Schwarz Wei? auf Falle wie diese aufmerksam. Wei? als normstiftende Position entheben. Alle diese Falle beruhen auf der gleichen Denkfigur. Hedge! Sie ist fur viele von uns schwer zu fassen.
Aus einer bestimmten Perspektive ist sie sogar so gut wie unsichtbar - konturlos, farblos. Research Title Page! Dabei ist sie uberall prasent und abgebildet in classification essay, diesem Land: im Fernsehen, in mla format paper page, den Medien, der Werbung, am Lehrerpult, im Bundestag. Audison Thesis! Die Mehrheit nimmt sie nicht wahr, weil sie sich selbst in research paper, ihr sieht, oder eben nicht sieht. Of Mice Loneliness George! Es ist die Figur des Wei?en. Critical Whiteness beschreibt einen wissenschaftlichen sowie einen politischen Ansatz, diese Figur des Wei?en in mla format research with title page, der Gesellschaft und im wissenschaftlichen Diskurs wahrnehmbar zu machen.
Die Critical Whiteness mochte die Figur des Wei?en seiner zentralen, normstiftenden Position entheben und fragt: Inwiefern stellt Wei?sein als unsichtbarer Ma?stab das Nicht-Wei?e als Abweichung und minderwertige Abstufung dar? Dies passiert oft auf einer unbewussten Ebene und in classification, der Rede oder in mla format paper title, den Texten von Menschen, die sich als nicht rassistisch oder gar anti-rassistisch begreifen. Audison Thesis! Wie die Vertreter der Critical Whiteness stets betonen, ist der Ansatz keineswegs neu oder nur eine akademische Kopfgeburt: Schwarze und andere Nicht-Wei?e beobachten, benennen und kritisieren seit Jahrhunderten die Figur des Wei?en und die Vormachtstellung des Wei?seins. Mla Format Research Paper Title! Sie taten und tun dies, um sich selbst zu schutzen. Of Mice! Und um Strategien fur das Uberleben zu entwickeln und womoglich auch fur das personliche und soziale Gluck in page, hierarchisch nach Hautfarbe strukturierten Gesellschaften. For All Seasons Essay! Neu ist lediglich die wissenschaftliche Anerkennung fur diese Arbeit. Die Diskurse nahmen in research with title, den 1990er-Jahren in classification essay outline, den USA ihren Anfang und haben seit ungefahr zehn Jahren auch in paper with page, Deutschland an classification essay Bedeutung gewonnen. Mla Format Research! Zwar ist die Critical Whiteness tief gepragt von der US-amerikanischen Geschichte, vor allem die der Sklaverei und des Kampfes der afrikanischstammigen Sklaven und ihrer Nachkommen um Freiheit und Gleichberechtigung und gegen Rassismus.
Doch lassen sich die daraus gewonnenen Erkenntnisse durchaus auf ein Land wie Deutschland ubertragen, mit seiner ganz eigenen Geschichte von Wei?sein und rassischer Hierarchisierung. Wie entwickelt sich die Critical Whiteness hierzulande? Ich werde im Folgenden den etwas sperrigen, aber auch gelaufigen deutschen Begriff kritische Wei?seinsforschung verwenden, um der Vorstellung entgegenzutreten, es handele sich um ein ausschlie?lich amerikanisches Thema. Kritische Wei?enforschung in classification essay, Deutschland. Die am Anfang angefuhrten Beispiele Herkunft, Hilfe und Identitat zeigen die Relevanz der Fragestellung auch in research paper with title, Deutschland. Loneliness Essay! Es handelt sich bei der kritischen Wei?seinsforschung nur am Rande um den brachialen, sich selbst beim Namen nennenden Skinhead Rassismus. Mla Format Research Paper With Title Page! Die unausgesprochene Annahme von Wei?sein als Norm wurde in audison thesis, diesen Beispielen auch von Menschen vollzogen, die kaum unter dem Verdacht stehen, rechtsradikal zu sein: Eine Anti-Rassismus-Aktivistin, eine NGO, die sich fur Kinder in research, Afrika, Asien und Lateinamerika einsetzt und eine Journalistin fur ein Mainstream-Nachrichtenportal.
Von diesen Menschen ist anzunehmen, dass sie den zumindest offiziellen Konsens aller Parteien und Gruppierungen in audison thesis, Deutschland teilen, die sich links von NPD oder Pegida einordnen: Alle Menschen sind gleich, niemand sollte aufgrund seiner Herkunft, Hautfarbe oder Religion diskriminiert werden, Menschen nach Rassen einzuteilen ist menschenverachtend. Mla Format Paper Title Page! Trotzdem stutzen sich die genannten Aussagen oder Bilder implizit auf einen Gegensatz von Wei?-Sein und Nicht-Wei?-Sein, ohne den sie keinen Sinn mehr machen wurden. And Men Essay George! Und in paper title, zwei von den drei Beispielen wird Deutschsein mit Wei?sein gleichgesetzt. Unbewusste Klischees sind gefahrlicher als offene Anfeindung. Es geht der kritischen Wei?seinsforschung darum, genau solche Denkmuster zu benennen und kritisch zu reflektieren, und setzt also dort an, wo die meisten Wei?en denken, mit der Verurteilung von offenem Rassismus sei genug getan. Senouvo Agbota Zinsou, togoischer Autor und Theatermacher aus Bayreuth, schreibt: Der kleine Neo-Nazi oder der ‚auslanderfeindliche' Betrunkene, der [. Spm English! ] ‚Auslander raus!' [. Mla Format With Title! ] brullt, stellt meines Erachtens eine geringere Gefahr dar - wenn er sich auf verbale Angriffe beschrankt - als der Intellektuelle, der Kunstler oder Journalist, die bewusst oder unbewusst Klischees vermitteln, nicht nur weil sie sich an model essays spm english Tausende, sogar an with title Millionen Menschen wenden, sondern auch, weil man ihnen Glauben schenkt. Rassistische Gewalt, so die Uberzeugung der Wei?seinsforschung, ist blo? die Spitze des Eisbergs einer noch langst nicht uberwundenen Ideologie, die das Denken, Fuhlen und Handeln auch der liberalsten Menschen strukturiert und eine Gesellschaft aufrechterhalt, in classification essay, der Macht und Geltung keineswegs farbenblind verteilt werden. In ihrem Ansatz, das Fundament dieses Eisbergs sichtbar machen zu wollen, setzt sich die kritische Wei?seinsforschung von der Idee der Farbenblindheit ab. Mla Format Paper Title Page! In dieser auch in of mice loneliness essay george, der Antirassismus-Bewegung weit verbreiteten Auffassung soll der Rassismus bekampft werden, indem man ethnische Merkmale nicht thematisiert und alle Menschen so behandelt, als existierten solche Merkmale nicht.
Um diese Idee in research paper page, ihrer deutschen Spielart in audison thesis, groben Zugen nachzuvollziehen, muss einige Jahrhunderte weit ausgeholt werden. Im 17. Research With! Jahrhundert fand der biologische Rassenbegriff Eingang in hedge fund paper, die europaische Wissenschaft. Paper Page! Mit ihm wurden Menschengruppen aufgrund von phanotypischen - also au?erlichen - Merkmalen hierarchisiert. Audison Thesis! Er sollte vor allem in mla format research paper title page, der Hochzeit des Kolonialismus im 19. Model! Jahrhundert als Rechtfertigung fur die Unterwerfung, Ausbeutung, Versklavung und den Volkermord an research paper title als rassisch minderwertig definierten Menschen dienen. Im 20. Essays Spm English! Jahrhundert trieben die Nationalsozialisten mit ihrer Rassenideologie diese von der europaischen Aufklarung formulierte Denk- und Handelsweise auf die Spitze.
Die kritische Aufarbeitung nationalsozialistischer Verbrechen und der ihnen zugrunde liegenden Weltanschauung entlarvte diese Ideologie in mla format research page, Folge als reine Propaganda. Davon unabhangig konnten Entwicklungen in research, der Genetik, der Anthropologie und der Biologie im 20. Mla Format Title! und 21. Audison Thesis! Jahrhundert aufzeigen, dass die wissenschaftliche Klassifizierung von Menschen anhand rassischer Merkmale unhaltbar ist. Research Paper Page! So wurde zum Beispiel belegt, dass Individuen innerhalb einer als Rasse definierten Gruppe oft untereinander gro?ere genetische Unterschiede aufweisen als zwei Individuen aus unterschiedlichen Rassen. Daruber hinaus fand das eurozentrische Denken zunehmend Kritiker.
Die von ehemals Kolonisierten in subject triple twelve, Afrika und Asien sowie von ethnischen Minderheiten in Nordamerika und Europa formulierte Kritik benannte ab der zweiten Halfte des 20. Mla Format Research Paper With! Jahrhunderts vor allem die Anma?ung wei?er Europaer, sich als Kronung der Schopfung beziehungsweise der Evolution zu sehen. Diese wissenschaftlichen wie politischen Ansatze verzweigten sich in audison thesis, unterschiedliche Richtungen: Einerseits entwickelte sich die Identitatspolitik heraus, vor allem bei der Linken in mla format research paper page, den USA. Classification Essay Outline! Verschiedene Gruppen, zum Beispiel Schwarze, die von der wei?en Mehrheitsgesellschaft aufgrund von zugeschriebenen Merkmalen diskriminiert wurden, verbundeten sich und kampften im Namen eben dieser Identitat gegen ihre Marginalisierung. Verweis auf ethnische Merkmale vermeiden. Der gegenlaufige Ansatz, jede Identitatskonstruktion aufgrund ethnischer oder rassischer Charakteristiken als in with, sich rassistisch zu verurteilen und solche Grenzziehungen bewusst zu unterlaufen, findet sich aber auch in hedge research, der Linken wieder. Research With Title Page! In Deutschland ist dieser Ansatz in for all, der antirassistischen sowie der antifaschistischen Bewegung gut vertreten.
Hier werden die unterschiedlichen gesellschaftlichen Positionen von Migranten oder Fluchtlingen und Einheimischen thematisiert oder die der herrschenden Klasse und der Ausgebeuteten. With Title! Jeglicher Verweis auf ethnische Merkmale, auch wenn sie in model essays, der benachteiligten bzw. Mla Format Title Page! privilegierten Gruppe uberproportional vertreten sind, wird bewusst und aus politischer Uberzeugung vermieden. Hedge! Diese Merkmale, so die Argumentation, sind selbst aus rassistischer Motivation konstruiert worden. Research Paper Page! Sie im Sinne einer Identitatspolitik oder auch nur als Erklarungsmuster fur unterschiedliche Positionen ins Spiel zu bringen halt diesen Rassismus weiter am Leben. Die Mehrheitsgesellschaft in seasons essay, Deutschland vermeidet vor allem die Benennung einer rassischen Kategorie und zwar die Kategorie des Wei?en. Mla Format Paper With! Es wird immer wieder darauf hingewiesen, dass jemand nicht-wei? ist.
Allerdings meist durch die Blume: Es gibt den beruhmten Migrationshintergrund. Hedge Paper! Oder jemand ist Afrikaner oder Turke. Paper Title! Auch wenn der, der die Aussage trifft, gar nicht wei?, welche Staatsburgerschaft die Person besitzt oder welcher Kultur sie sich zugehorig fuhlt. Model Essays Spm English! Tunlichst fernhalt man sich in mla format research paper with title, Deutschland von Begriffen, die an of mice and men george die Kategorisierungen der Nationalsozialisten erinnern. Kritische Perspektiven in research page, England und Frankreich setzen sich mit der Kolonialgeschichte auseinander, in literary thinker twelve, den USA insbesondere mit der Sklavenwirtschaft und dem Genozid an with page den indigenen Volkern. Model Essays Spm English! In diesen Fallen ist die bestimmende Rolle von Rassismus in mla format research with title, der Geschichte des eigenen Landes eine unausweichliche Feststellung.
Deutsche Kolonialgeschichte ruckt in fund research paper, Ferne. Der Schauspieler und Journalist Theodor Michael (picture alliance / dpa / Horst Galuschka) In Deutschland hat eine intensive Auseinandersetzung mit der Geschichte des Nationalsozialismus stattgefunden. Research Paper With Page! Unter anderem wird rassisches Denken heute mit den Begriffen aus dem Faschismus identifiziert. Spm English! Selten wird weiter zuruck in mla format with, die Geschichte geblickt, um dort die Wurzeln fur rassistisches Gedankengut zu suchen. Loneliness! Diese Fokussierung auf den Nationalsozialismus verliert die deutsche Kolonialgeschichte aus dem Blick. Paper! Ein volkisches Denken, das schon vor den Nazis identitatsstiftend war, wirkte auch nach ihnen und bis heute weiter. Daraus folgt, so die Wei?seinsforschung, die Umgehung der ethnischen Zuschreibungen in classification essay outline, Deutschland. Mla Format Research With Page! Viele denken, wenn sie ethnische Zuschreibungen vermeiden, sich bereits klar fur Toleranz und gegen Rassismus eingesetzt zu haben. Weit davon entfernt, die wissenschaftliche und politische Demontage des Rassendenkens wieder ruckgangig machen zu wollen, besteht die kritische Wei?seinsforschung als Ausgangspunkt ihres Ansatzes auf die soziale Konstruktion der rassischen Kategorien.
Wei?, schwarz oder asiatisch sind gesellschaftlich geschaffene Identitaten. Essay Literary Subject Triple Twelve! Hier werden einzelne phanotypische Merkmale wie zum Beispiel eine bestimmte Pigmentierung oder Lidfaltenstruktur zu Markierungen der Zugehorigkeit zu einer Gruppe gemacht und werden mit sonstigen Eigenschaften verknupft, seien diese Charaktereigenschaften oder die Positionierung auf einer Fahigkeitsskala (mehr oder weniger intelligent, mehr oder weniger triebhaft und so weiter). Auch die kritische Wei?seinsforschung ist der Uberzeugung, dass sich solche klar voneinander unterscheidbaren Gruppen wissenschaftlich nicht ausmachen lassen. Paper With Page! Noch konnen soziale, psychologische, kulturelle oder sonstige Eigenschaften auf au?erliche, genetisch bedingte Merkmale zuruckgefuhrt werden. Hedge! Im Unterschied zu anderen Reaktionen auf diese Tatsachen besteht die kritische Wei?seinsforschung aber darauf, dass die Wirkmachtigkeit dieser seit Jahrhunderten in research title page, den Kopfen und an audison thesis den Korpern waltenden Kategorien weiterhin existiert und nicht ausgeloscht wird, wenn man nur nicht mehr davon spricht. Research With Page! Dieser Ansatz stellt infrage, dass der Rassismus verschwindet, sobald man aufhort, den Begriff Rasse anzuwenden. Audison Thesis! Oder dass Menschen dadurch gleich werden, indem man behauptet, dass sie es sind.
Wei?e mussen priviligierte Position wahrnehmen. Die Position, die die kritische Wei?seinsforschung bezieht, entstand aus den Erfahrungen von Nicht-Wei?en. Research Paper With Title Page! Sie erleben in a man for all, unserer Gesellschaft taglich, dass ihnen Eigenschaften zugeschrieben oder abgesprochen werden aufgrund bestimmter au?erlicher Merkmale. Title! Und dass sie im Unterschied zu Wei?en als Reprasentanten einer ethnischen Gruppe wahrgenommen werden. Research Paper! Die kritische Wei?seinsforschung will die Wei?en darauf aufmerksam machen, dass sie nicht einfach Menschen sind, sondern wei?e Menschen. Mla Format Research With Title Page! Das hei?t, sie sind nicht ausgenommen von der gesellschaftlichen Bestimmung durch ethnische Merkmale. Loneliness Essay! Diese Bestimmung verschafft ihnen eine Sonderrolle. Mla Format Research Paper With! Dies zu leugnen, hei?t, jene rassistischen Hierarchien fortzuschreiben, die sie fur uberholt annehmen. Audison Thesis! Ferner weist die Wei?seinsforschung darauf hin, welche Privilegien jeder wei?en Person in paper page, dieser Gesellschaft zukommen. Die amerikanische Erziehungswissenschaftlerin Peggy McIntosh hat 1988 einen Essay verfasst, in loneliness essay george, dem sie einen unsichtbaren Rucksack voller Privilegien beschreibt, der jedem Wei?en in research paper page, die Wiege gelegt werde.
Die Liste der Privilegien wird auch in Deutschland in model essays, den Diskussionen uber Wei?sein immer wieder aufgegriffen, zitiert und dem hiesigen Kontext angepasst. Mla Format Research With Title Page! Peggy McIntosh zahlt zu diesen Privilegien: Ich kann fluchen, Kleidung aus zweiter Hand anziehen oder Briefe nicht beantworten, ohne dass Menschen diese Entscheidungen auf die schlechte Moral, die Armut oder die Analphabetinnenrate aller Wei?en zuruckfuhren. Ich kann in model, einer schwierigen Situation gut abschneiden, ohne eine Ehre fur alle Wei?en genannt zu werden. Ich kann uber viele Optionen - soziale, politische, imaginare oder berufliche - nachdenken, ohne zu fragen, ob einer Person, die wie ich wei? ist, gestattet sein wurde, zu tun, was sie tun will. Wenn ich erklare, dass ein rassistisches Problem vorliegt, oder dass kein rassistisches Problem vorliegt, wird mein Wei?-Sein mir mehr Glaubwurdigkeit fur beide Positionen verleihen als eine Person of research paper, Color sie haben wird. Der Begriff Person of Color ist eine selbst gewahlte Bezeichnung fur Nicht-Wei?e, die fur eine sehr vielfaltige Gruppe die gemeinsame Erfahrung mit Rassismus betont. Audison Thesis! Bislang hat der Begriff noch keine Entsprechung im Deutschen gefunden. Die Autorin Noah Sow fuhrt das wei?e Privileg, als Individuum betrachtet zu werden, mit einem Beispiel plastisch vor:
Ob [. Paper With Title Page! ] Sie oder ich jeweils in outline, kurzen Hosen eine Nobelboutique betreten oder betrunken in mla format with title, einen Plenarsaal laufen, wird von der Umwelt sehr genau beobachtet und recht unterschiedlich eingeordnet. Wei?e Fremde konnen mit Fremdheit auftrumpfen. Peggy McIntosh spricht von den Privilegien in a man for all seasons essay, der ersten Person, Noah Sow in research with title, der zweiten: Die kritische Wei?seinsforschung macht deutlich, dass man nie aus einer vermeintlich objektiven, neutralen Perspektive heraus schreibt oder spricht. Model Essays! So wird es spatestens jetzt Zeit in research paper title, diesem Essay, dass ich meine eigenen Karten auf den Tisch lege: Ich bin eine Amerikanerin, die in a man seasons essay, Deutschland aufgewachsen ist, und den Gro?teil ihres Lebens hier verbracht hat. Mla Format With Title! Obwohl ich in george, den USA geboren bin und nur die amerikanische Staatsburgerschaft besitze, obwohl meine Muttersprache nicht Deutsch ist und meine Eltern nicht Deutsche sind, werde ich hierzulande kaum als Auslanderin wahrgenommen. Mla Format Research Title! In der Grundschule im Baden-Wurttemberg der 1970er-Jahre wurde ich in george, die Klasse fur Auslander eingeteilt.
Aber weder meine Mitschuler noch die wei?e deutsche Lehrerin behandelten mich als solche - im Unterschied zu den turkischen Kindern in research paper with title, der Klasse. Of Mice Loneliness Essay! Ich dagegen habe einmal meinen amerikanischen Pass mit in mla format research with, die Schule gebracht, um meine Ehre zu verteidigen - meine Mitschuler hatten bezweifelt, dass ich wirklich Amerikanerin war. Essays Spm English! Mein Privileg ist es seit meiner Kindheit gewesen, mit meiner Fremdheit aufzutrumpfen, wenn es mir positive Aufmerksamkeit brachte, sie aber dann wieder verschwinden zu lassen, wenn ich einfach nur dazu gehoren wollte. Mla Format Paper Page! Dieses Privileg wird mir zuteil, allein, weil ich wei? bin. Wer in classification outline, Deutschland Auslander oder Migrationshintergrund sagt, meint selten die Staatsburgerschaft, nicht einmal die Herkunft der Eltern. Mla Format Research Paper! Gemeint sind bestimmte Hautfarben bzw. Subject Thinker! ethnische Merkmale, eine bestimmte Religion, eine bestimmte soziale Schicht oder eine Kombination dieser Kategorisierungen. Die Literatur-Nobelpreistragerin Toni Morrison im Jahr 2010 (dpa / picture alliance / Ian Langsdon) Davon profitiere ich tagtaglich: Obwohl ich weder hier geboren noch Staatsburgerin bin, wird meine Anwesenheit in paper with, diesem Lande nicht infrage gestellt, ich werde nicht in for all essay, den Diskursen und Bildern der Medien als nicht dazugehorig dargestellt, ich darf sozusagen als Einheimische durchgehen, wenn ich es mochte. Research Title! Diese Liste lie?e sich noch fortfuhren. Spm English! Aus dieser Position heraus zu behaupten, ich sahe keine Hautfarben, fur mich seien alle Menschen gleich, ware so uberheblich und lacherlich, wie ein Reicher, der sagt, er sehe keine Armen. With! Die afroamerikanische Schriftstellerin und Literaturwissenschaftlerin Toni Morrison lieferte mit ihrem Essay Im Dunkeln spielen der wissenschaftlichen Wei?seinsforschung einen bedeutenden Grundungstext.
Sie schreibt: [D]ie Angewohnheit, ‚Rasse' zu ignorieren, [wird] als taktvolle, sogar gro?mutige liberale Geste verstanden. For All Seasons! Sie zur Kenntnis zu nehmen bedeutet, einen bereits diskreditierten Unterschied anzuerkennen. Mla Format Research Paper! Durch Schweigen ihre Unsichtbarkeit zu erzwingen bedeutet, dem schwarzen Korper eine schattenlose Teilhaberschaft an dem dominierenden kulturellen Korper zuzugestehen. For All Seasons Essay! Dieser Logik zufolge spricht jedes wohlerzogene Gespur gegen das Zur Kenntnis Nehmen und verhindert so einen erwachsenen Diskurs. Wei?e sehen sich nur als Menschen. Fur viele Wei?e wird die erste Konfrontation mit dieser Kritik irritierend sein. Mla Format Research Paper! Man ist ja wohlerzogen und hat gelernt, Differenzen zu ent-nennen, wie die Literaturwissenschaftlerin Susan Arndt schreibt, um nicht als rassistisch zu gelten. Research Paper! Es ist die gleiche Angstlichkeit und Verunsicherung, die bei Wei?en ausgelost wird, wenn sich mal wieder das Wort geandert hat, mit dem man eine bestimmte Menschen-Gruppe be-nennen soll.
Wie hei?t es jetzt richtig, Afrodeutsche oder Schwarze Deutsche? Man darf jetzt nicht mehr Zigeuner sagen? Der Reflex, der sich gegen solche Sprachregelungen straubt oder auch als Reaktion darauf nur verlegen verstummt, ist im Kern die Irritation, die immer entsteht, wenn man aufgefordert wird, eigene Privilegien zu uberdenken. Mla Format With! In diesem Fall das Privileg, andere Menschen so zu benennen, wie man es schon immer getan hat und unabhangig davon, wie diese Namen zustande kamen und wie diese Menschen sich selbst nennen oder benannt werden wollen. For All! Zweitens geht es um das Sonderrecht, selbst nicht im Sinne der eigenen ethnischen Zugehorigkeit benannt werden zu wollen. Paper With Page! Eine Reflektion uber diese Privilegien zieht die Aufforderung nach, sich zu andern, und zwar nicht nur in loneliness, der Sprachauswahl. Mla Format Research Paper! Das ist immer schwierig und verursacht Abwehrreaktionen. Grada Kilomba, Professorin fur Postcolonial Studies an subject thinker der Berliner Humboldt-Universitat, sagt: [W]ei?e Menschen [sind] es gewohnt, sich nur als Mensch zu identifizieren und Wei?sein unsichtbar zu machen.
Aber es gibt keine machtvollere Position, als sich nur als Mensch zu sehen und die Norm zu bestimmen. Es ware aber ein Fehler, die kritische Wei?seinsforschung als moralisches Regelwerk zu betrachten, das Sprachregelungen und Denkverbote durchsetzen will. Research Title! Wie jede sich etablierende Theorie oder politische Praxis treibt auch die Wei?seinsforschung Bluten, die dogmatisch oder pathetisch daherkommen und kaum zum erwachsenen Diskurs beitragen, der Toni Morrison vorschwebt. Fund! Der Ansto? der kritischen Wei?seinsforschung geht aber genau in mla format paper page, die entgegengesetzte Richtung: Es geht nicht darum, als Wei?er jetzt endlich alles richtig zu machen, indem man neue Regeln lernt, bestimmte Dinge anfangt zu sagen und andere nicht mehr zu sagen. Hedge Fund Research Paper! Sondern, unter anderem, um die Analyse dessen, was wir meinen und was wir tun, wenn wir sprechen und denken.
Um das Gewahrwerden dessen, was wir bisher gar nicht als Struktur unseres Denkens wahrgenommen haben. Mla Format Research With Page! Dass dies, wenn man ehrlich und reflektiert ist, kein entspanntes Unterfangen sein wird, ist offensichtlich, und das Sprechen und das Schreiben, das es hervorbringt, wird, zumindest anfangs, eher einem Stottern als einem souveranen Reden gleichen. Literary Subject Thinker Twelve! Senouvo Agbota Zinsou: In jedem von uns verbirgt sich eine Art von Erdbeben, wenn wir nicht wissen, wie wir uns einem anderen gegenuber verhalten sollten. Mla Format Research Paper Page! Die Fahigkeit, das Epizentrum dieses Erdbebens mit klarem Verstand zu analysieren, ist das, was uns am meisten fehlt. Es ist diese Fahigkeit, die die kritische Wei?seinsforschung schulen will. Audison Thesis! Wenn wir Wei?e begreifen, wie tief in mla format research, uns und in of mice and men essay george, der Gesellschaft um uns eine nicht ausgesprochene Annahme der normsetzenden Vormachtstellung des Wei?seins sitzt, wird es auch klar, dass wir uns dieser Annahme kaum entledigen werden konnen. Title! Ein allein moralischer, selbstzuchtigender Ansatz unterschatzt die Macht der gesellschaftlichen Strukturen, die uns seit unserer Kindheit pragen. Of Mice And Men Loneliness Essay George! Der deutsch-nigerianische Pfarrer Austen P. Brandt betont in mla format research title, einem Interview mit Noah Sow: Rassistisch zu fuhlen wird identifiziert mit Schlechtsein, und ich glaube, diese beiden Pole musste man auseinanderhalten.
Es gibt in seasons, einem Menschen eine Vielschichtigkeit von verschiedenen Gefuhls- und Denkansatzen, die sich teilweise widersprechen. Research Title Page! Antirassistische Arbeit kann daher zum Beispiel hei?en, Klarheit in audison thesis, diesen verschiedenen Gefuhls- und Handlungsansatzen zu bekommen [. Paper With Title Page! ]. Essay Literary Subject Thinker Triple Twelve! Ich glaube, es geht nicht darum, was ich sage. Paper Title! Solange ich als Mann sage, ich will kein Sexist sein, habe ich eigentlich verloren. Of Mice Loneliness George! Ich glaube, ich als Mann habe zu akzeptieren, dass ich sexistisch gepragt bin, und das aller Wahrscheinlichkeit nach noch sehr viele Jahre. Mla Format Research Paper! Ich kann aber versuchen, die Struktur des Sexismus in of mice and men loneliness essay, mir zu entdecken und an research with page emotionalen Verhaltensweisen zu arbeiten, die diese Pragungen bewusst machen und verringern. Es gibt also keinen Ort der Unschuld. Classification! Stattdessen geht es darum, die eigene Position zu reflektieren so wie die Bilder, die das eigene Unterbewusstsein bevolkern, wie Toni Morrison ohne Ton der Anklage in title page, Im Dunkeln Spielen fur die amerikanische Literaturwissenschaft nahelegt: Es ist, als hatte ich in essay subject thinker triple, ein Aquarium geschaut - das Gleiten und Glitzern der goldenen Schuppen, die grune Spitze, das aufblitzende krangende Wei? von den Kiemen her; die Burgen am Grund, umgeben von Kieseln und winzigen, verschlungenen Wedeln von Grun; das kaum bewegte Wasser, die Partikel von Ausscheidungen und Futter, die stillen Blasen, die an research die Oberflache steigen - und plotzlich sah ich das Aquarium, die Struktur, die dem geordnetem Leben, das sie enthalt, durchsichtig (und unsichtbar) erlaubt, in model spm english, der gro?eren Welt zu existieren.
Rassistische Markierungen festschreiben oder uberwinden? Mit diesem Schritt zuruck, der den Blick frei gibt fur das unsichtbare, strukturierende Gefa?, zeigt Morrison, wie wesentlich die afrikanistische Prasenz in paper, der amerikanischen Literatur ist. Of Mice Loneliness! Damit meint sie die Konstruktion des Wei?en anhand eines schwarzen Anderen, der all das verkorpert, was der Wei?e nicht sein soll oder sein darf: wohlwollend und bose, spirituell und lustern - schillernde Figuren der Angst sowie des Begehrens. Paper With Title! In ihren Studien zeichnet Morrison nach, wie sehr die wei?e amerikanische Literatur durchdrungen ist von diesen Projektionen, und ermutigt ihre wei?en Leser daruber nachzudenken, welche Schatten um sie herum spielen, die ihre Vorstellungen von sich selbst uberhaupt erst moglich machen. Eine immer wieder (vor allem von links) hervorgebrachte Kritik an audison thesis der kritischen Wei?seinsforschung ist, dass sie mit ihrer Fokussierung auf rassische Markierungen und Positionen diese festschreibe, anstatt zu ihrer Uberwindung beizutragen. Mla Format Research! So wird argumentiert, dass kulturelle Identitaten in model essays, Deutschland nicht erklarbar seien anhand der einfachen Dichotomie Wei?/People of paper with, Color. Essay Literary Subject Triple Twelve! Machtstrukturen seien so nicht entschlusselbar und jede Analyse der Realitat durch eine entsprechende Brille bediene sich rassistischer Kategorien; das konne kaum in mla format research title page, eine nicht-rassistische Zukunft weisen. In diesem Streit geht es philosophisch gesehen um die Frage, ob man die Welt am besten verandert, indem man ihre teils versteckten Strukturen sichtbar macht und kritisch reflektiert. Audison Thesis! Oder ob man so leben soll, als gabe es diese Strukturen nicht mehr. Wei?enforschung benennt und hinterfragt bisherige Nachteile. Die Befurworter der kritischen Wei?seinsforschung argumentieren meines Erachtens uberzeugend dafur, dass es in mla format with title, einer seit Jahrhunderten rassistisch hierarchisierten Welt anma?end und realitatsverweigernd ist, so zu tun, als ware es gesellschaftlich gesehen irrelevant, in model essays, was fur eine Haut man hineingeboren wurde.
Damit dies in mla format research with title page, der Zukunft genauso irrelevant wird wie etwa die Frage, ob man freie oder angewachsene Ohrlappchen hat, mussen die Privilegien beziehungsweise Nachteile benannt und hinterfragt werden, die den heute als gesellschaftlich relevant gesehenen Merkmalen (also zum Beispiel Hautfarbe oder Haarstruktur) zukommen. And Men! Das Risiko auf der einen Seite: Vor lauter Beharren darauf, dass die Welt nicht nach Hautfarben aufgeteilt werden sollte, wird verdrangt, dass es nun mal so ist. Research Paper With! Die Gefahr auf der anderen: Ein hartnackiges Hinweisen darauf, dass es ist, wie es ist, zementiert diese Aufteilung. Dazwischen gibt es die ehrliche Auseinandersetzung, ein Sich Begeben in audison thesis, ungewohnte, auch unangenehme Gefilde, von wo aus man das Aquarium sehen kann anstatt immer nur die Goldfische. Millay Hyatt , Jahrgang 1973, in research, Dallas/USA geboren, Dr. Subject Thinker Triple! phil., studierte Philosophie, Politikwissenschaften und Allgemeine und Vergleichende Literaturwissenschaft in with title, Ohio, Los Angeles, Paris und Berlin, 2006 promovierte sie mit einer Dissertation uber das Utopische und Utopiekritische bei Hegel und Deleuze an audison thesis der University of mla format title, Southern California.
Millay Hyatt lebt als freie Ubersetzerin und Autorin in hedge research, Berlin.
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Genes: What are they and why are they important? Genes are made of a substance called deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA. They give instructions for a living being to make molecules called proteins. A geneticist is a person who studies genes and how they can be targeted to improve aspects of life. Genetic engineering can provide a range of research title page, benefits for people, for example, increasing the classification essay outline productivity of food plants or preventing diseases in research paper title, humans. What are genes and what are they made of? Genes are responsible for all aspects of life. Genes are a section of DNA that are in charge of different functions like making proteins. Long strands of DNA with lots of genes make up chromosomes. DNA molecules are found in chromosomes. Spm English! Chromosomes are located inside of the nucleus of cells.
Each chromosome is one long single molecule of DNA. This DNA contains important genetic information. Chromosomes have a unique structure, which helps to keep the DNA tightly wrapped around the proteins called histones. If the DNA molecules were not bound by the histones, they would be too long to fit inside of the cell. Genes vary in complexity. In humans, they range in size from a few hundred DNA bases to more than 2 million bases. Different living things have different shapes and numbers of chromosomes. Paper Title Page! Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes, or a total of 46. A donkey has 31 pairs of chromosomes, a hedgehog has 44, and a fruit fly has just 4. DNA contains the biological instructions that make each species unique.
DNA is passed from adult organisms to audison thesis their offspring during reproduction. The building blocks of DNA are called nucleotides. Nucleotides have three parts: A phosphate group, a sugar group and one of four types of nitrogen bases. A gene consists of mla format research paper title page, a long combination of four different nucleotide bases, or chemicals. There are many possible combinations. The four nucleotides are: Different combinations of the letters ACGT give people different characteristics. For example, a person with the combination ATCGTT may have blue eyes, while somebody with the audison thesis combination ATCGCT may have brown eyes. Genes carry the codes ACGT. Each person has thousands of mla format with title, genes.
They are like a computer program, and essay thinker twelve, they make the individual what they are. A gene is research paper with title, a tiny section of essay outline, a long DNA double helix molecule, which consists of a linear sequence of base pairs. A gene is any section along the DNA with instructions encoded that allow a cell to produce a specific product - usually a protein, such as an enzyme - that triggers one precise action. DNA is the chemical that appears in strands. Every cell in a person's body has the with same DNA, but each person's DNA is different. This is a man for all, what makes each person unique. DNA is mla format with title, made up of two long-paired strands spiraled into the famous double helix. Hedge Fund! Each strand contains millions of chemical building blocks called bases. What do genes do and where do they come from? Genes decide almost everything about a living being.
One or more genes can affect a specific trait. Genes may interact with an individual's environment too and change what the gene makes. Genes affect hundreds of internal and external factors, such as whether a person will get a particular color of eyes or what diseases they may develop. Some diseases, such as sickle-cell anemia and mla format research paper with, Huntington's disease, are inherited, and these are also affected by genes. A gene is a basic unit of heredity in a living organism. Genes come from our parents. We may inherit our physical traits and the likelihood of getting certain diseases and conditions from a parent.
Genes contain the classification essay outline data needed to build and maintain cells and pass genetic information to offspring. Each cell contains two sets of chromosomes: One set comes from the mother and the other comes from the research with page father. The male sperm and the female egg carry a single set of 23 chromosomes each, including 22 autosomes plus an X or Y sex chromosome. A female inherits an X chromosome from each parent, but a male inherits an X chromosome from their mother and a man seasons, a Y chromosome from their father. The Human Genome Project (HGP) is a major scientific research project. It is the largest single research activity ever carried out in modern science. It aims to determine the sequence of the chemical pairs that make up human DNA and to identify and map the research paper title 20,000 to 25,000 or so genes that make up the human genome. The HGP has opened the door to a wide range of genetic tests. The project was started in hedge, 1990 by a group of international researchers, the United States' National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Department of Energy.
The goal was to sequence 3 billion letters, or base pairs, in the human genome, that make up the complete set of research paper with page, DNA in for all essay, the human body. By doing this, the scientists hoped to research paper with provide researchers with powerful tools, not only to understand the genetic factors in human disease, but also to open the door for new strategies for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. The HGP was completed in 2003, and all the data generated is available for free access on the internet. Apart from humans, the HGP also looked at other organisms and animals, such as the fruit fly and E. A Man For All! coli. Over three billion nucleotide combinations, or combinations of ACGT, have been found in the human genome, or the collection of genetic features that can make up the human body. Mapping the human genome brings scientists closer to developing effective treatments for hundreds of diseases. The project has fueled the discovery of more than 1,800 disease genes. This has made it easier for researchers to find a gene that is mla format research paper title page, suspected of causing an inherited disease in a matter of days. Before this research was carried out, it could have taken years to find the gene.
Genetic tests can show an individual whether they have a genetic risk for a specific disease. The results can help healthcare professionals diagnose conditions. The HGP is expected to speed up progress in medicine, but there is still much to learn, especially regarding how genes behave and how they can be used in audison thesis, treatment. At least 350 biotechnology-based products are currently in mla format, clinical trials. In 2005, the audison thesis HapMap, a catalog of common genetic variation or haplotypes in the human genome, was created. This data has helped to speed up the search for paper title the genes involved in common human diseases. Recent discoveries: The epigenome, gene marking, and gene therapy. In recent years, geneticists have found another layer of heritable genetic data that is subject triple twelve, not held in the genome, but in the epigenome, a group of paper title, chemical compounds that can tell the genome what to do. In the body, DNA holds the for all essay instructions for building proteins, and these proteins are responsible for a number of functions in mla format page, a cell.
The epigenome is made up of chemical compounds and proteins that can attach to DNA and direct a variety of actions. These actions include turning genes on and off. Fund Research Paper! This can control the mla format with page production of proteins in particular cells. Gene switches can turn genes on and off at for all seasons essay different times and for different lengths of time. Recently, scientists have discovered genetic switches that increase the lifespan and boost fitness in worms. They believe these could be linked to an increased lifespan in mammals. The genetic switches that they have discovered involve enzymes that are ramped up after mild stress during early development. This increase in enzyme production continues to affect the expression of genes throughout the paper with page animal's life.
This could lead to a breakthrough in hedge fund research, the goal to develop drugs that can flip these switches to improve human metabolic function and increase longevity. When epigenomic compounds attach themselves to DNA in the cell and modify the function, they are said to have marked the genome. Scientists can learn more about how diseases arise from gene marking. The marks do not change the sequence of the DNA, but they do change the way cells use the DNA's instructions. The marks can be passed on from cell to cell as they divide, and they can even be passed from one generation to the next.
Specialized cells can control many functions in the body. For example, specialized cells in red blood cells make proteins that carry oxygen from air to the rest of the research paper with page body. The epigenome controls many of these changes within the essay literary subject thinker triple genome. The chemical tags on the DNA and histones can become rearranged as the specialized cells and the epigenome change throughout a person's lifetime. Lifestyle and environmental factors such as smoking, diet and research with page, infectious diseases can bring about changes in the epigenome. They can expose a person to hedge fund research paper pressures that prompt chemical responses. These responses can lead to direct changes in research page, the epigenome, and fund, some of these changes can be damaging. Some human diseases are due to malfunctions in the proteins that read and write epigenomic marks. Some of these changes are linked to the development of disease.
Cancer can result from changes in the genome, the epigenome or both. Changes in the epigenome can switch on or off the genes that are involved in mla format paper with, cell growth or the immune response. And Men George! These changes can cause uncontrolled growth, a feature of cancer, or a failure of the research title page immune system to destroy tumors. Researchers in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) network are comparing the loneliness genomes and epigenomes of normal cells with those of cancer cells in the hope of compiling a current and complete list of possible epigenomic changes that can lead to cancer. Researchers in epigenomics are focused on trying to paper with title page chart the and men loneliness george locations and understand the functions of all the chemical tags that mark the paper with page genome. This information may lead to a better understanding of the human body and knowledge of ways to improve human health. In gene therapy, genes are inserted into a patient's cells and tissues to treat a disease, usually a hereditary disease. Gene therapy uses sections of DNA to treat or prevent disease.
This science is still in its early stages, but there has been some success. For example, in 2016, scientists reported that they had managed to improve the eyesight of 3 adult patients with congenital blindness by using gene therapy. In 2017, a reproductive endocrinologist, named John Zhang, and a team at the New Hope Fertility Center in New York used a technique called mitochondrial replacement therapy in a revolutionary way. They announced the birth of a child to a mother carrying a fatal genetic defect. Researchers combined DNA from two women and essay, one man to mla format with page bypass the defect. The result was a healthy baby boy with three genetic parents. This type of a man essay, research is still in the early stages, and much is mla format research paper title page, still unknown, but results look promising. Scientists are looking at different ways of treating cancer using gene therapy. Experimental gene therapy may use patients' own blood cells to kills cancer cells.
In one study, 82 percent of patients had their cancer shrink by at literary subject least half at some point during treatment. Another use of genetic information is to help predict who is likely to develop a disease, for mla format title example, early-onset Alzheimer's disease and thinker triple twelve, breast cancer. Women with the BRCA1 gene have a significantly higher chance of developing breast cancer. A woman can have a test to find out whether she carries that gene. BRCA1 carriers have a 50 percent chance of passing the anomaly to research paper title each of their children. Genetic tests for classification personalized therapy. Scientists say that one day we will be able to with title page test a patient to essay literary thinker triple twelve find out which specific medicines are best for mla format research them, depending on their genetic makeup. Some medicines work well for some patients, but not for literary subject thinker twelve others. Gene therapy is still a growing science, but in with title page, time, it may become a viable medical treatment. Article last updated by Yvette Brazier on Tue 14 March 2017.
Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: Wu, Brian. Genes: What are they and why are they important?. Medical News Today . MediLexicon, Intl., 14 Mar. 2017. Web. 3 Oct. 2017. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/120574.php
Wu, B. (2017, March 14). Genes: What are they and why are they important?. Medical News Today . Retrieved from. Please note: If no author information is provided, the source is cited instead. Unfortunately, contemporary genetics ascribe the essays control function to paper individual genes and the epigenetic control system that operates not only cellular processes but tissues, organs and the whole organism is essay literary, ignored. The book LIFE and mla format with, MIND - in Search of the Physical Basis, It postulates the structure and function of the epigenetic control system.
gene is a special thing in our body which deciede our sex. the basic concept is that our body is made up of many cells and each cell has nucleus.in nucleus DNA is present.it composes chromosomes.in other words chromosomes are made up of DNA.on chromosomes genes are located which are infact messages which are transmitted to the 2nd generation when egg fuses with male gamete. very helpful thank you. Reply Winfield J Abbe March 20, 2014 1:44 pm. Reference: The Hidden Story of Cancer by a man for all seasons Brian Peskin and Amid Habib, Pinnacle Press, Houston, 2006-2010. Otto Warburg, M.D., Ph.D. Mla Format Research With! (1883-1970) has been described as the hedge fund research greatest biochemist of the 20th.
Century. At an early age he was appointed the head of with title, his own laboratory in Germany according to the old German system. He was a genius level experimental and theoretical scientist. Literary Thinker Triple! He worked on the cancer problem, among others, his entire career. He invented the tissue slice technique. He invented the Warburg manometer. He performed very careful experiments elucidating what happens when oxygen is slowly removed from living tissue, first in rats before 1923.
He found that when oxygen pressure is reduced by about one third, the tissue becomes cancerous. He performed hundreds of tests. on numerous organs. The transformation from oxygen based metabolism to mla format paper title page glucose or cancer based metabolism happens rapidly in and men essay, rats in research paper page, about a few cell divisions in contrast to humans which can take decades. In about 1923 he reported the results that all cancer cells metabolize by anerobic glycolysis. It took about 40 more years to prove these results for humans. In about the 1955-1965 period he published his conclusions that the prime cause of of mice essay, cancer is oxygen deficiency over paper with, a long period of time to living cells or respiratory impairment or the wrong energy supply. As a corollary all cancer cells metabolize by anerobic glycolysis or fermentation, and once fully developed are irreversible. The secondary causes of cancer, radiation, chemicals, respiratory poisons, etc., all merge into fund research impairment of mla format research paper title, cell respiration. It is this vital experimental information, mostly disregarded by prejudiced folks running the FDA, NIH and NCI, which is needed to solve the cancer problem.
The genetics people have it backwards; mutated genes are the seasons essay result of mla format with, cancer, not the cause. Audison Thesis! Otto Warburg proved the cause but the cancer generals violated the rules of scholarship and the scientific method and disregarded his many efforts, confirmed in thousands of experiments by others around the world. This is why they have not solved the cancer problem despite the mla format with page squandering of over $100 billion studying it since 1971. Also, the subject triple genetics dogma is far too complicated to ever prevent and cure cancer. After squandering all this money, still about one person every minute dies either from cancer, treatment or both. All approved cancer treatments are life threatening. This is not success, but dismal failure. Winfield J. Abbe.
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